Welcome to Kilwa Kisiwani, a once upon a time a burgeoning empire, the most powerful and the biggest on the coast of East Africa. The ruins offer insight into once upon a time, labyrinth pathways, majestic mosques and grand palaces.
A journey into the historic Kilwa is a discovery of incredible walls of wealth. It may be away from usual tourist pathways, but offers magnificence outlook of living in past centuries.
The city reaching the shore is surrounded by walls and towers of about 12000 inhabitants. The luxurious setting of tree, gardens, every type of vegetable, and the best lemons. citrons and sweetest oranges ever.
The Island of Kilwa, centuries ago, had trade routes ignited with its abundance of wealth. By the 20th century, it became uninhabited and forgotten. Foreigners and locals had no interest in the Tanzanian coastal ruins.
Around the 1950s, Portuguese and Arabs, excavated the site to find objects of authenticity. They succeeded in collecting coins dating back in time. The unique history of Kilwa is currently recognized as a treasure of Swahili history. In the year 1981, it was declared a World Heritage Site.
The Kilwa creation beginnings
The Kilwa Sultanate empire all started in the 10th century, Ali ibn al Hassan, the son of an Abyssinian slave and Emir of Shiraz was caught in a battle of inheritance with six other brothers.
Ali fled, settling on the island of Kilwa that was inhabited by indigenous Bantu dwellers. He began to construct his very own city. According to legend, he bought Kilwa from the local King, who exchanged the island for enough cloth that would encircle the entire island.
By the time the king changed his mind, Ali already destroyed the bridge connecting Kilwa to the mainland and secured it for himself.
The ruling of Ali Shirazi continued until the year 1277 when the succession crisis led to Mahdali sultans taking over.The first three centuries there were many buildings like the Great Mosque that was started in 1100 and expanded.
Sixteen domes and ornate rooms of arches and pillars made an astonishing complex. When the Morrocan traveler Ibn Battuta visited the island in 1331 he was struck by the splendor of the mosque.
There are smaller mosques scattered all across Kilwa each with distinct features.
The isles ruin date back to the 14th century and early 15th century. Kilwa was a mercantile capital and the wealthy residents built extravagant coral dwellings.
A sultan is alleged to be buried in one of four tombs of the Great house. The triangular robust Makutini Palace was built in the 15th century.
A fortress on the island, Gereza, has wooden portals and elegant crenellation. The striking ‘Husuni Kubwa’ ( Queen’s house) is perched on a cliff a mile away from the cluster of ruins. It is said to be the largest pre-colonial Sub Saharan building. There is an 18 dome mosque, vast hall, courtyards and swimming pool/ The complex has over 100 rooms
The most powerful city on the East African coast the empire stretches from the north to the south from Kenya to Mozambique.
Ships brought in Arabian quarts, china porcelain, Indian carnelians and ivory and gold from Great Zimbabwe. Spices and perfume filled the air with tortoise shells and pottery in the market. It was the gateway between Asia and Africa.
There are three areas on the Tanzanian coast to add to an itinerary of colorful historic adventures and explore the ruins that go centuries back in time.
Remnants of extraordinary palaces, ancient tombs and crumbling mosques, the abandoned city of Kilwa Kisiwani is one of the main attractions on the isle.
A little town on the mainland it was the center of slave trade in the south. Although slave trade was outlawed in 1873 it is said to have continued until 1880. Made into an administrative center when Germans occupied,
Travellers can explore World War One cannon leftovers as well as a market hall. There is an attractive beach with fisherman provide authentic insight of Tanzania.
Kilwa Masojo is usually a base when people visit the ruins in Kilwa Kisiwani with pleasant exploration if the Jimbizi Beach.
The journey was ongoing. The chapter seemed to be spurting out more and more. My never-ending delve into Africa. The spark was ignited into abundance beyond note. Turning passions into profit, the rhythm echoed into smooth sailing miracles.
The Making of a Createpreneur.
When anybody churns out the term “entrepreneur”, what springs to mind at the word?A briefcase, tie and suit image?
A briefcase, tie and suit image?
On the other hand, maybe pictures of those in the billionaire ranks flashed in the media.
That is a narrow view. There are vast ways to spring any creative business venture into motion.
A common theme of ‘CreatEntepreneurs’ is a risk. Many work independently, industries differ, business can gain wisdom from other varied experiences and their management of work and risks.
If you an artist that goes solo with your artwork meet, CreatEntepreneur™ Pablo Zungu.
Pablo is an artist in Tanzania in East Africa with a large international following.
As artist living in a remote unknown village called Mloka on the outskirts of the main buzz of city centre. How did he get an international audience, people from all over the world to buy his local trending artwork?
Tell us about your true passion in life?
My passion is filling my day creating new pieces of art. It is expression, letting go. Each day on waking until the day closes. I found my passion at a young age. Left with the responsibility to take care of my two younger brothers at an early age when my parents passed away. My art was my key to keep all together in challenging times
What about your passion appeals to you the most?
The independence and freedom it provides. I am not imprisoned in a warehouse packing shelves or joining other pathways I have little interest in, to barely fill a fridge and every hour consumed. Slavery did not die. It evolved, not through chains at feet, but into a concrete jungle. It became legalized .My art is my freedom to create an income on my terms in my environment.
What drove you to make money from your passions?
I do not know if it was about choice. It was there, in my pathway. I discovered that selling paintings was a stream of income. With no conflict of being under instruction of any authority figures and taking orders and instructions. I chose a stress free way to sustain my family and myself.
When was the first time you got paid for your passion?
I was a teenager and spent my time creating artwork. One-day tourists passed by, totally immersed in the piece, and placed US dollars in my hand. I was thrilled. Dollars converted into a huge amount in my local currency. I even afforded to buy more paints and canvases.
What kept you going when you thought about giving up?
There were many times that I doubted any ability to make more money with my art. I overcame the self-doubt by creating and sharing my work.
What motivates you each and every day to be even more successful?
Even if I tried to join the nine to five worlds, I know I would not make it. I strived on to keep creating and spreading my work to all regions where there were possible sales. Every region that had markets or stalls for artwork I found a stall owner to display my work and draw in interest and sales.
I am based in a remote village on the outskirts of the city centre, but I prefer to be there. I live close to a popular game reserve that has a multitude of travelers from all over the world. My art is indigenous local Tanzanian authentic that appeals to all those who travel to our country. It gives them memorable artefacts to take back home of a land they will never forget and strive to revisit. My art is one aspect that promotes the thriving economic sector of tourism, so to speak.
What do you have to say to all of the people who doubted you?
I can only share my well wishes that they gain success in their pathways as I have found my passion and I am keeping to it.
What advice do you give to aspiring creative is who look up to you?
I advise them to follow their dreams and never give up. Look at all possibilities and find the one that works for you.
The Bagamoyo festival featured a special guest all the way from South Africa, the legendary soul sister, Tu Nokwe, sharing her musical talent, life skills and knowledge into the heart of Bagamoyo. The shine of her light sparked off in Bagamoyo eventually spread out to Morogoro at the Juu Afrikan Festival.
Tell us what drives you? What is your true passion in life?
My passion. Where do I begin? Well, the beginning of drumming away rhythmic healing beats. I spend time on soccer fields and at Bagamoyo beach sharing my purpose in this life creating yoga retreats and spreading soul healing!
How did you find your passion and how old were you?
My early days in the pathways of growing up in Bagamoyo shaped all of my existence.
What about your passion appeals to you the most?
Being heard! Many of our lives are filled with sea waves of tides streaming in and out. It sometimes topples our smooth flow. Drumming for me, was for me,, but the rhythm spread out.
I am now part of an acrobat and drumming band, the Mafisi group in Bagamoyo. We plan to stream our vibe into every gravel in our land Tanzania. We plan to reach out to the continent of Africa, our motherland.
What drove you to make money from your passions?
Survival. Beach days and drumming away made up the essence of me. Time to ease out at yoga sessions and the soccer field filled my soul. That is when I decided to share all I have gained,I need income as well.
Not through wasting away days laboring for the fruits of masters.Those days have passed by in the Bagamoyo slave route days. Not in my lifetime.....
When was the first time you were paid for your passion?
At practice sessions on Bagamoyo Beach. I was handed out my first dollars by tourists passing by captured in delight by the drumming session
What kept you going when you thought about giving up?
Watching the waves on the beach front. Knowing that there are high and low tides for all of us, I kept on going in soul meditation in the breeze of the sea.
What motivates you every day to be even more successful?
I know what I can share with my world. I know I can uplift my community and share with generations to come
What do you have to say to all of the people who doubted you?
I will wave them away and wish them all the best. Tide in,Tide out!
What advice do you give to aspiring creative is who look up to you?
Keep following your passions. Stay at it, even the toughest of times do pass by and you will be uplifted in spirit and soul.
Known as ‘Mtandamboo’ in Kiswahili, the plant is an inspiration source for many communities.
A great food source with medicinal benefits as well, the sweet fruit is a delicacy. The pulp of the fruit can be used to produce red wine as well.
A traditional cure for diseases every part of the tree, the roots, the leaves, barks, and fruit are used to treat a multitude of diseases.
Headaches, rheumatism. chest complaints, gonorrhea, syphilis, herpes, rabies malaria, hernia, toothache, ulcers, cough, worm infestation, and the list goes on!
In the year 2011, thousands of people flocked to Tanzania to Samunge village for treatment by a Catholic priest against infertility diabetes, hypertension, asthma and cancer and even AIDS.
Muaruabaini – The tree that cures 40 diseases
The Neem tree, known by the ”Muarubani tree.”Muarubaini translates to 40. The tree is said to cure 40 different diseases. People have used it for curing cancer, malaria, STDs, typhoid and a wide range of other diseases as well as a natural contraceptive.
The oil extracted from the seeds inserted into the vagina on a regular basis prevents pregnancy. This is an effective birth control method. This should not be used if pregnant as it induces abortion.
Imagine if there was a tree in your backyard full of nutrition, to purify water and take care of medicinal needs?
The magical tree does exist. The Moringa oleifera known as the Clarifier tree, horseradish or drumstick tree. The East Africa name ‘Mother’s best friend sums it up!
Every part of the tree can be used. And it is filled with nutrition.
Most widely used, are immature pods containing vitamins, amino acids, and other nutrients. Raw or prepared like green peas, they make tasty dishes. Edible oil is yielded by the pods, the nutritional value resembles that of olive oil.
The leaves are eaten in salads or vegetable dishes for seasoning or pickles. The leaves can be pounded to clean utensils and walls.
The Bark contains fiber and can be used for tanning. Cooked flowers can be mixed in foods or fried in a batter, They are rich in calcium and potassium
The tree has been used for combatting malnutrition in developing countries on the tropical coast.
The fresh leaves can be cooked, eaten fresh, cooked or dried up and kept for the longer term in powder form.
A powerhouse of nutrition moringa has seven times more vitamin c than oranges, four times more calcium than milk protein and three times more potassium than bananas, four times more vitamin A than carrots
Medicinally it works for treatment and prevention. Traditional medical practitioners recognize it as having high value for the treatment of tumors. Studies have identified compounds for cancer prevention.
The miraculous tree offers hope, medicinally, nutritionally and economically to many. It has been developed as a supplement and powdered tablets as well
These are rare and highly endangered animals found only in Tanzania. They weigh 60 grams and they continue to decline in threatened forests.The Rondo Dwarf Galago is classified into 25 of the most endangered species in the whole world.
The animal is losing its habitat due to forest fires and deforestation. This particular species has no conservation program to maintain them and few Tanzanians know of their existence.
2. Mountain Dwarf Galago
Mountain Dwarf galagoes are found in the Udzungwa Mountain National Park, the Udzungwa scarp forest reserve in Tanzania as well as Taiti Hills forest reserve Kenya. Their main threat is loss of habitat due to deforestation and conversion of the land for agriculture.
3. Zanzibar Red Colobus
Endemic to Zanzibar (Unguja), they are mainly found in the southeast, Jozani Chwaka Bay National Park as well as the agricultural area in the south. In Mangrove swamps and coral thickets in the southwest.
A large forest antelope found exclusively in Tanzanian Forest Mountains. They are called ‘Minde’ in the local language Kiswahili. This antelope is a rare Duiker in Africa.
Due to hunting and deforestation, it is endangered and is under protection of private and national companies
They are located in the humid, high sections of the Kilimanjaro, Usambara Mountains, the Ilole forest as well as the Rubeho Mountains. They can also be located in the high evergreen peaks of forest hills
The Pemba flying fox is one of the highly endangered species in the country of Tanzania.
The Pemba flying fox is a highly endangered in Tanzania. It is a large bat that weighs between 400 to 650 grams. It feeds on flowers and fruits and lives in the forests, mangroves, and graveyards
Found on in Tanzania on Pemba island, when the population in Pemba grew the species subsided. The population is now increasing as they are learning to adapt and live near people
6.The Desperate shrew
This species, rare small located in the Udzungwe Mountains southern The rare small animal, the shrew, is disappearing due to deforestation in these areas. They are found in only in the ideal climate of Tanzania.
The Sanje mangabey is an endangered Old World monkey of the white-eyelid mangabey Tanzania group. They are 5 to 65 centimeters in length and weighs about seven to nine kilograms, they are greyish in color. They live forests on ground-dwelling and are threatened by poaching and to hunting.
The demon mole rat is solitary. communicates seismically to other mole rats and predators by head banging its burrow.
There are numerous issues affecting the conservation of animals in Tanzania. These are inclusive of poverty and education, wildlife and human health, the growth of the population, pressures of sustainable development, the planning of land use, financial and technical capacity. These issues need engagement for any conservation programs to help Tanzania conserve an extraordinary environment and wildlife sector.
Species are under several threats including fragmentation and habitat loss, conflict, natural resource management that is unsustainable and hunting. The climate changes have a negative effect on the biodiversity in Tanzania as well.
When people talk about the continent of Africa, you will always hear about vast scenic landscapes, safari game drives, and the wildlife.
Undoubtedly, these are synonymous with the continent of Africa.But there is much more.....another slice of life filled with rich cultures, enlightenment, and traditions that span over many years.
All about the people of Tanzania
Tanzania is rich in cultural diversity. There are approximately 120 Tanzanian ethnic groups. Then there are immigrants from the rest of the world as well.
The native tribes are predominantly of Bantu origin and represent 95% of the inhabitants in Tanzania.
Then there are Nilotic speakers and hunter-gatherer descendants. Europeans, Asians, and Arabs consist of below 1 %. Each ethnic group has a unique language, culture, and social structure.
The largest of the ethnic groups are the Sukuma. They represent approximately 13% of the Tanzania population. The other groups each represent less than 5 %. Ethnicity reflects geographic areas.
Tanzania has never had inter- ethnic conflicts in contrast to other parts of Africa. The main reason could be that Tanzania has many groups of which none predominates. Ethnic identities have weakened over decades,
Two of the largest ethnic groups are culturally and linguistically related. These are the Sukuma and Nyamwezi in the western part of Tanzania.
SukumaLargest ethnic group in Tanzania.The Sukuma are the people of the ‘North'. They are in the northwestern part of Tanzania concentrated on the Lake Victoria southern shores. The Sukuma language has Niger-Congo roots
“The wind does not break a tree that bends” – Sukuma proverb
NyamweziThe Nyamwezi are the second largest ethnic group in Tanzania.They are an ethnic group that migrated from Central Africa.Their ancestral homeland is in the Tabora Region, Shinyanga Region, Singida Region and the Katavi Region. Nyamwezi is Swahili in origin translating into "people of the moon" and also means"people of the west".
From the southern Mount Kilimanjaro slopes in the north east of Tanzania, the Chagga are the third largest of ethnic groups in Tanzania. They believe in integrating hardships as building blocks off success and speak three dialects
Swahili: Usipopata taabu hujawa mtu.English :Suffering is prior to attaining success or perfection.
Hadzabe tribeThe Hadzabe tribe lives remotely in caves apart from other people around Lake Eyasi.
Hadzabe's, also called 'Hadza’s' are Africa hunter-gatherers. The Hadza wanderers do not keep livestock or even grow food. They wander in groups. Each day starts with bows and arrows ,hunting and foraging fruits and veggies.
The Iraqw, of cushitic origin are located in the Mbulu highlands. They are withdrawn group that grows their own food and tend cattle.They avoid selling animals or crops unless it is crucial.
Located in the Kagera,Tanzania.The Haya language is a Bantu language dialect. Originally known to be skilled metal workers. The modern age of Haya people are cultivators.Traditionally the Haya lived in dwelling in a shape of a beehive without any walls but thatched from the roof to the ground.
Mtowa Mbu are from the Lake Manyara, a diverse Arusha tribe in the entrance to the Manyara national park. Visitors get to see local produce from palm oil, baskets, papyrus mats and banana beers .
Visiting the Wakurya Boma from in the west of Serengeti brings an experience of the traditional Wakurya lifestyles and food with traditional dancing and even possible traditional healer visits.
Maasai A Nilotic ethnic group that is native to Kenya and Tanzania. They are mainly herders. The Maasai culture has remained unaltered involving a rich oral songs and literature .
The Digo A Muslim tribe living in the north of Tanzania and east of Kenya,they are concentrated on the Northern Tanzania coastal strip on Pangani River fertile plains between the Indian Icean and Usambara Mountains. Fishing, farming and trading are main income sources.The Digo are talented in song storytelling and song rituals .
Recently in a conversation with an eager traveler on the lookout for the best Safari, I was asked, why Tanzania? A good Safari is just that, anywhere. I could not answer him. It was not a single line answer for a short conversation. I thought about it for several days........What will you get 'Only in Tanzania'. What are the unique aspects of Tanzania?
A citizen report announced that 27 new endemic species of animals were discovered, exclusive to Tanzania. Not anywhere else in the world but in Tanzania’s the Eastern Arc Mountains.
The biological potential was an instant qualification to the UNESCO list of World Heritage Sites.
Scientists from the Italian Science Museum advocating range inclusion in the Unesco list spent an entire decade surveying the mountains in Tanzania. Twenty-seven vertebrate species were found in the forests new to science and fourteen other species discovered that were unknown before
UdzungwaMountains forests in the south-central of Tanzania, researchers found a multitude species whose confined to the Eastern Arc mountain range, A curious chameleon species was of three newly discovered reptiles belonging to genus Kinyongia. A Mahege Mountains discovery.
The geologically ancient mountains and forests persistence of forests for millions of years result in extraordinary living forms.
It is an important site existing in Africa for vertebrate forms. Some of these species are one hundred million years old and are evidence of forest stability and unique evolutionary history of the mountains.
We have a list of mammal and tree species endemic to Tanzania, and probably much more will be discovered.
Explore Motherland Africa – Tanzania will continue posts in the ‘ Only in Tanzania’ stream in a discovery of all the unique features in the heart of The Motherland -Tanzania!
In the south-west of Tanzania, there is a town called Mbeya. Travelling overland from the neighboring land of Zambia, this is the first urban settlement you will see.
Mbeya is a major transit and trade junction between Zambia, Malawi and Tanzania.
Mbeya is a town located in south-west Tanzania. The thriving town of Mbeya sprawls in the Loleza Peak (2656m) shadow. It is located between the mountain range of Mbeya in the north and the Poroto mountains in the South East.
The scenic lush, mountainous area is a farming region for tea, coffee, walking and cocoa and bananas. The cool climate walking and botanical excursions and scenic viewing of the hills are an undiscovered ‘travel in Tanzania’ destination.
Mbeya is a magnificent landscape of Tanzania, a creation of relief forms from African Rift Valley volcanic eruptions, which lies towards the south-west of Dar-es-Salaam.
Mbeya offers a range of activities from safari's, fishing and hiking mountains
There is fresh,pure and clear water in river catchments near the Poroto and Tukutu mountains.
Natural flower gardens make great botanical excursions
The climb up to the Mbeya peak reaches 2,826m is steep and takes approximately three hours. Across the mountain, slopes willed the luscious indigenous flowers with a sparkle of colorful butterflies.
The Ngozi Crater Lake in the south of Mbeya towards Lake Malawi and Tukuyu. The footpath winds through a bamboo jungle with trees and wild bananas where colorful birds and mesmerizing little mammals hide amongst the thick vegetation.
The climb of one hour will bring you to the rim of the crater for magnificent views of the Kiwira Natural Bridge and stunning waterfalls.
The Kiwira was miraculously created by the fast flowing river. It is known as ‘Daraja la Mungu’ by locals meaning the Bridge of God.
Rungwe Mountain is at a peak of 2960m and it is the highest in the south of Tanzania. The active volcano for over million years dominates the entire area surrounding Tukuya. The cast forestland with rocky terrain and upland scrub is uninhabited and has occasional visits.
The scenic Matema Beach is a 130km drive away from Mbeya. The winding road passes through tea estates and high mountains before descending on the Lake Malawi tropical shores.
There are trips with local fisherman to the village where there is unique pottery and nearby the mouth of the river, crocodiles, and hippos are spotted. The Sisi Kwa Sisi community is an exploration of the roots of rural life in Africa.
Kilimanjaro is a dormant volcano which has three separate volcanic cones, Mawenzi, Shira and Kibo, where the Uhuru summit is located.
Kibo is dormant but it is not extinct. Three hundred and sixty years ago, the last eruption from Kibo occurred. Volcanic activity that occurred two hundred years back and resulted in the ash pit (that is visible from the Uhuru Peak)
Hikers journey through five differing ecosystems – from alpine desert to rainforest right up to the arctic snowcap. Climbing 19,340 feet up is undoubtedly an empowering adventure of note.
Approximately 35,000 people launch to climb each year. The number of people that actually reach the top of the summit remains an elusive statistic.
The “Kili” climbs can take between five and nine days, depending on the route you choose and the time you have for the mission and reach the altitude.
There is a total of Kilimanjaro routes. Three routes from the south including, Machame, Marangu and Umbwe , two routes from the west – Lemosho and Shira, from the North-East Rongai. Another option is the Northern Circuit approaching from the with Lemosho as the starting point, and circles around the north following a summit passage through Gilman’s Point.
The first successful Kilimanjaro expedition took place 125 years ago. In October 1889, mountain climbers on a mission to reach the peak conquered the Mount Kilimanjaro after forty years of previous attempts.
Mount Kilimanjaro is the highest mountain in Africa, the most iconic peak in the world.
The Venture to Kilimanjaro
Snow capped and close to the equator, Mount Kilimanjaro attracts climbers from all over the globe. Reaching Africa’s highest point is a challenge many seek to undertake. Why?
It is Africa’s highest mountain and the world’s highest freestanding mountain.
Open plains rise up to touch soaring clouds with snow capped peaks at an elevation of 5895m.
Every ecological system existing in the world can be found on the mountain from tropical crops to cultivated slopes, lush forests n wild animals. Cactus like plantations, giant lobelia lies in above the forest. A saddle stretches between the Mawezi and Kobo peaks.
Cactus like plantations, giant lobelia lies in above the forest. A saddle stretches between the Mawezi and Kobo peaks.
The roof of Africa is a wonderland of magnificent beauty.
Kilimanjaro is an accessible summit. The Kobo peak can be reached without any special mountaineering equipment or climbing experience. A determination with proper clothing is all that is needed. The climb takes about six days with about five overnight stays in tents or mountain huts.
Gillman’s point is the lower peak on Kobo and Uhuru peak is the highest point. Spectacular glacier views and a wide crater.It is unforgettable triumph point expedition.
Main tips to take note off.
Tourists need to register and climb with a licensed guide.
Kilimanjaro is not as easy as literature reads out. The trail is steep and sections are filled with boulders that are two foot high
Altitude sickness can affect the fittest.
Knowing all these tips many venturefor the climb again to make it to the absolute top of Kilimanjaro
If you ever make it take a Kilimanjaro expedition, it is the most beautiful place that you will ever reach. It is pushing
The clearest night sky and willowy grass and the second peak loom ominously and untouched as it is an impossible climb.
There is much more along the way to Uhuru. It is about pushing yourself to the limits to gorgeous views from Uhuru, the summit of the Kibo peak. The entire climb takes you into another world.
Located in the east of Africa, Tanzania is made of a flat plateau, rising from a coast belt at an average height of 1500m. The plateau is segmented by the twenty million-year-old Great Rift Valley.
The Great Rift from outer space resembles two parallel lines that run down Africa. It cuts a 2000m deep tough on the continent of Africa all the way from the Dead Sea to the land of Mozambique.
The main branch of the Rift Valley bisects Tanzania. The Western part of the Rift valley consists of the Tanzania Congo border.
It initially formed about 20 million years ago when the crust of the earth crust weakened and tore apart.
The jagged rift that was created stretched for many thousands of kilometres down East Africa.
The plate of earth tearing caused earthquakes and eruptions with formations of volcanic mountains on all sides of the rift and the floor of the valet sank lower forming flat plains.
We have clear indications that Tanzania is rooted in the 'beginning of creation'
Tanzania was home to the ‘Great Apes’ .The settlements were unearthed by archaeologists. In Northern Tanzania, around ‘the cradle of mankind’, Olduvai Gorge, came the discovery of stone tools. Discovered by Louis Leakey after the rocks were taken to Germany from a 1913 expedition to Olduvai. The oldest form of human technology was discovered in Olduvai Gorge.
Discovered by Louis Leakey after the rocks were taken to Germany from a 1913 expedition to Olduvai. The oldest form of human technology was discovered in Olduvai Gorge.
Paranthropus Boise discovered in Tanzania is said to be over 1.8 million years old. Then there were fossils of Homo habilis fossils were subsequently made. Nearby Laetoli was where the oldest hominid footprints were discovered by Mary Leakey around 1978 was estimated to be 3.6 million years old. Tracking back to 10000 years, Tanzania was made of main hunter-gatherers, that are assumed to have been people who were
Tracking back to 10000 years, Tanzania was made of main hunter-gatherers, that are assumed to have been people who were Khoisan-speaking. About 3000 – 6000 year ago Cushitic-speaking coming from the north arrived who introduced basic agriculture techniques together with food production, and eventually cattle farming.
At about 2000 years, back Bantu-speaking people migrated from West Africa. At a later stage, Nilotic pastoralists immigrated until the 18th century. One of the most important archaeological sites in Tanzania is Engaruka located in Great Rift Valley with a cultivation and irrigation system.
Welcome home. Tour Africa, our motherland. Karibu!
Some are students that are on a summer vacation, others are teachers, others are on a break from the norms of the daily hustle and bustle careers and some are retired. Others see Tanzania as an ideal honeymoon escapade!
Most volunteers choose to stay involved even after returning to home countries and continue with fundraising, making return trips.
Tourism by volunteering is slowly becoming a preferred way for travelers to journey to destinations they wish to explore. Volunteering allows local community involvement experiencing the essence and core of cultures in depth.
Volunteers journey on a pathway to the experience of ‘true Africa’ working hands-on with local communities and also experience the amazing wildlife, scenery, and shores of the East Africa Tanzania coastline.
Volunteering in Africa, Tanzania offers a range of activities whether it is passion or study or an interesting field.
You can choose to engage in local art communities
Assist in animal conservation
Clinics and hospitals if you are in a medical field
Music and art festivals
Awaken a new spirit of consciousness, share your skills, and take home skills gained in practical knowledge and work.
A volunteering program will most definitely add more impact to your personal lifestyle and presence.
There are infinite benefits of volunteering in Tanzania, fostering world relations uplifting a solo traveler or group travelers.
The unique experience is a pathway of joining in unison with fellow volunteers from multiple other backgrounds and can be a journey of team building and bonding with friends or family in passion, energy, and skills.
Volunteering offers much more than a tourist experience.The Volunteer programmes on Tanzania are based on various levels, art, education, music and life skills.
There are Swahili and authentic art workshops like Tinga Tinga.
There are various schools and healthcare volunteer timeframes can be organised with medical fraternities.
Women and children community groups with the key focus of development for women and linked children's homes.
1.AMAP NURSERY SCHOOL
The Africa Modern Art project was developed to teach and help support underprivileged Tanzanian youth by upholding basic human rights, giving them the opportunity to use their full potential in their communities.
Bagamoyo is an integral part of a rich artistic history over the centuries.
There are approximately ninety students with regular intake. The implementation company of AMAP is The East Africa Aid Foundation in New York and Saidi Mbungu, a local talented artist.
AMAP Nursery consists of children from 4 years to 6 years. The number of ‘after school’ children from primary school are approximately 57 in Std 1,2,3. They are helped with school supplies, food.and uniforms
They learn English, games, art, drumming and songs. Every Friday they walk down the beach to play.
The AMAP headquarters are located at the beachfront adjacent to “Posta Zamani”, the prior location of Bagamoyo’s post office and right in the heart ‘downtown’ Bagamoyo
2. Storytelling through Art
Stories were originally created for teaching each other about-about life, including birth, love, food gathering, hunting, warfare, marriage and death but also about the Creation. The traditional way to educate about history.
Culture and laws were storytelling, using a combination of Arts form such as painting, singing, music and dancing to illustrate the ancient Elders had the obligation to pass the stories along, ensuring that young people build and retain a sense of who they are.
There are storytelling events that focus on African Animals. In particular Tinga Tinga artwork. The stories depict life lessons of value and culture and education. The kids will gather and tell the story through created Tinga Tinga paintings.
African art has played an important role in the culture and history of the world. It’s distinctive characteristics and inspirations have influenced many artists to adopt their own interpretation of the art in their own time period.
Characteristics of African art have made its way into many paintings in the Cubist period, among others. If one examines the European avant-garde artistic movement of cubism, founded mainly by Pablo Picasso, you will find many themes adapted from African art.
Artists are an invaluable part of every African society giving voice to the people through periods of oppression and achievement.
Turmoil on the African continent has meant the lack of flow of great traditional works across the continent in which its artists are suppressed or not provided with opportunities to develop and market their products at the true value. Tanzania is home to some of the most ancient and beautiful art in the world.
Tanzania has a remarkable position in art. Two styles became world known: Tingatinga and Makonde Popular African paintings painted with enamel paintings on canvas.
The motifs are usually birds, animals and flowers in colorful repetitive design Tinga Tinga is one of the many forms of Impressionism the beautiful and mysterious continent of Africa has given birth to. Unlike Western styles of Impressionism, Tinga Tinga Art gets its unique and vibrant style from the magnificent natural surroundings of Africa.
Artists have the freedom to use their brushes to express their thoughts in bright, eye-catching colors.
A striking feature in most of these paintings is the way the artists capture the animals of the Eastern coast of Africa, in what appears to the distorted yet a very interesting image of the original creature!
Preschools accommodate children from 2-5 years old.Various preschool teaching areas like basic Mathematics and English.
Join in on a mission to Travel in Tanzania ensuring a memorable volunteering adventure! Contact Thomas Mura or Nassoro for an itinerary in Bagamoyo and Kigamboni.
Welcome! ‘I aim to be a key tool in the exploration and discovery of my homeland, Tanzania. Life is about exploring, new discoveries, and realizations. I journey on the motions of a Tour and field guide into a pathway designed by destiny’
Tanzania is an unforgettable destination in the world unraveling the natural variety. Featuring the snow-capped Kilimanjaro, the highest peak on earth , spectacular forests on our shores along Lake Tanganyika, the least polluted, longest, and second-deepest freshwater base, Tanzania is a destination that all need to venture into.
Known to insiders, as Unguja, Zanzibar is an archipelago made up of Zanzibar and Pemba Islands, located in the Indian Ocean. It is located in the Indian Ocean with beautiful sandy beaches with fringing coral reefs.
Sixty miles in length and about twenty miles wide, it occupies an area, that is six hundred and fifty square miles.
Pemba is Zanzibar’s sister island. It had many years of isolation from the outside world.
Although Pemba has fewer tourists, there are beautiful beaches, natural forests and Misali Island, off Pemba’s east coast, is best for diving.
The only functioning ancient town in East Africa – the magical Stone Town. Stone Town has been designated one of the world’s few heritage sites by the United Nations.
Stone town is Mji Mkongwe in Swahili.The town was the centre of trade on the East African coast between Asia and Africa before the colonisation.
The main export was spices and particularly cloves. For many years, Stone Town was the central base for slave trade; many were hauled from the mainland and rest of Africa and subsequently traded with the Middle East.
The Anglican Cathedral is built on a former slave market. Some of the holding cells still exist at the site.
Zanzibar has great symbolic importance in the suppressing slavery since it was one of the main slave-trading ports in East Africa and the main base where opponents like David Livingstone operated their campaigns.
It was here that the Shortest War in History was fought in 1896.
Zanzibar’s paradise beaches are filled with coconut palms. Coconut palms are resources that no part is wasted. There is a wide variety of products, materials for creative weavings, building, drinking, and eating. Many homes in Zanzibar use thatch roofs created from palm leaves. The coconut palm is one of the most versatile plants
Zanzibar produces the largest quantity of cloves in the world, and its history was heavily influenced by this activity. During the Han Dynasty, the Chinese would chew Cloves to freshen their breath before speaking to the Emperor.Therefore, it became a tradition in Zanzibar during meals
Zanzibar’s most famous event is the Zanzibar International Film Festival, also known as the Festival of the Dhow Countries. This event, held annually in July, displays the best of the Swahili Coast arts scene, including Zanzibar’s favourite music, Taarab
This event, held annually in July, displays the best of the Swahili Coast arts scene, including Zanzibar’s favourite music, Taarab
The Spice Island of Zanzibar is famous for beaches as well as luxury resorts.It is a place carved in nostalgic essence filled with overwhelming hospitality, captivating your soul as it takes you way back in time.
The winding road lined with palm trees in lush green pathways open up into the oldest town in Tanzania,"Bagamoyo", A UNESCO’s World Heritage Site, the rich cultural heritage of Bagamoyo is an unforgettable exploration discovery in Tanzania.
Strolling down the unpaved and narrow street of Bagamoyo takes you back into time. Way back into time.
In the 19th century, this was an important settlement on the coast of East Africa. It was a route that linked Lake Tanganyika to the sea. Ivory, copra, salt and slaves were offloaded here before being shipped to Zanzibar and everywhere else.
The history of Bagamoyo and the unhurried pace makes it an amazing excursion when in Tanzania.
Bagamoyo dates back to 600-800BC, Bantu-speaking tribes, Kwere, Doe and Zigua lived here originating from the interior Azania. Hunting, fishing, and subsistence farming were the order of the day until family clusters from Persia disrupted in 1250 when they were attracted by fertile land and the multitude of fishing.
Bagamoyo – the Swahili rooted name Bwaga ambiguously meant to lay down. Moyo means ‘heart’ Bagamoyo was unburdening for traders and porters after lengthy journeys and a 'lay down' of hearts for those captured into a destination of heartbreaking slavery. The ambiguity of the name Bagamoyo allows both meanings.
The birthplace of Jakaya Mrisho Kikwete who served as president of the Democratic Republic of Tanzania, Bagamoyo lies about 70km from the capital of Dares-Salaam Little shops and art galleries line up the roadside. The tides slip in the coastal white sands.
The oldest mosque, the ruined Kaole lies to the south-east of the town. A well-worn, old city with a population estimated at 30000, it is lined with historical architecture inspires by various designs.
The once slave market has become the Bagamoyo Art market and is supports by the artist community in the town. Sun-kissed, dusty roads lead to a gallery where local artists who have transformed a wooden pavilion, a slave market of the past into an outdoor gallery featuring sculpture paintings and woodcarving. The gallery expresses a collective artist desire to link to a world economy, in the echoes of historic voices on every road corner.
Many yearn to travel to Tanzania.There is way too much to do, climbing Kilimanjaro, kite surfing, quad exploring the vast national parks for wildlife, and landscape wonders.
And then there are the beaches. With all the action be sure that a healthy appetite will build up. A fine Tanzania cuisine and palate treat to savour on the ongoing adventure are sure to pass your way.
Here are a few ideas to splash into simmering into the adventure ahead when venturing to explore the heart of Motherland Africa in Tanzania or to re-experience treats after an escapade venture in Tanzania.
Let us start with a popular breakfast dish, Vitumbua. With a warm cup of ‘Chai’, you are sure to set off into an interesting day ahead with a start of taste bud sensations.
1 cup – Rice Flour
4 tablespoons of plain flour
1 cup Coconut milk
1 quarter cup sugar
1 teaspoon ground cardamom seeds
Mix the rice flour, the plain flour, coconut milk and cardamom adding water slowly to thicken the paste. Cover upkeep in a warm area for about an hour until bubbles form on the top and the mixture has doubled in size.
Stir the batter and place in a Vitumbua pan
Give the batter a stirring placing a drop of oil in each section. Pour in a teaspoon of batter and flip until it browns on both sides.
Ndizi Kaanga (Fried Plantains)
Place the butter in a frying pan until melted. Cut the plantains into quarters. Dip in lemon juice and place on the heated pan until they are browned lightly.Sprinkle with some nutmeg
Wali wa Nazi (Rice cooked in Coconut Milk)
2 cups rice
1 and a half cup of coconut milk and 2 and a half cup water
1 teaspoon of salt
Add the coconut milk and water mixture into a saucepan with salt until it reaches boiling point, Add in the rice and lower the heat , cover and simmer for about half an hour. Serve alone or as an accompaniment
2 cups of flour
1 onion chopped finely
Mix the flour salt and onion with hot water to make an elastic smooth dough and fold into a ball, Roll on a surface with flour and cook over medium heat in a frying pan and flip over once browned, The chapatti texture will be supple and soft once completed
An exquisite coastline promising an unforgettable venture into a myriad of experiences, from water sports, bonfire dining, supreme isolation or even full activity. Hotels and resorts spark of the final touches of an ideal beach getaway.
There are many activities one can assess, sunset cruises or island sail aways in a dhow. For those with a deep sea fishing penchant, there are sailfish, kingfish, rock cod, marlin, horse mackerel and many others. Get couchsurfing!
Those with a streak for more adventure can go snorkelling or scuba diving close to the marine reserves in rich coral gardens with diverse marine species and a chance to explore the world under seas.
We are situated on the road between three major hotels Sunrise, Kipepeo, and South Beach in Kigamboni , a fifteen minute ferry ride from Dar es Salaam. A walkaway to the beach we are ready to welco...
There is a convenient port to island destinations like Zanzibar. There are routes to Pemba and Mafia islands. Dar-es-Salaam has beaches for all phase and stages, whether relaxing, dancing away or diving and snorkelling.
The relaxing beaches from Kigamboni to Ras Kutani and beyond with developed ferry assess for laid-back mingling.Further on are undiscovered and uncrowded beaches for solitary escapism.
Kunduchi, approximately 25-35 km north of the city centre is also a dance away, with developed resorts.The breathtaking beach getaway is great for weekend sunsets with an ambience of lively music and gathering.
To dive Bongoyo and Mbudya offers ideal locations to snorkel or swim.The sand white beaches slip into an array of coral gardens rich in colour and fish species.
For more experienced divers the deeper reefs offer a worthwhile visit. Fernwood, the Fungu Yasin Reef seaward side and the Bog T reef popular for critter varieties. The temperature rarely reaches below 28 Degrees Celsius.
The Umbrella and Whistling Thorn trees and others in Tanzania
The umbrella trees, symbolic of the African bush are usually sighted on Safari.
There is also the yellow fever tree, the whistling thorn and the ‘wait a bit” Acacia
Tropical rainforest patches in the Eastern Arc of Tanzania provide a rich array of plants, and many can be found only in Tanzania. One such is the Africa violetor Usambara. The Impatiensand Saintpauliaare sold in grocery stores as house plants in the Western World.
Forest patches, remnants of the once large tropical forest of the continent is found in Udzungwa, Uluguru and many other areas. In the southern and western parts of the Eastern Arc, are baobab stands, with striking baobab landscapes in the Tarangire National Park.
Covered by a moist woodland, ‘miombo’, the main vegetation is variousBrachystegia tree types.
The central plateau is filled with thickets and Savannah and the Serengeti plain is covered in grasslands.
Kitulo National park and the Amani Nature reserve are amongst botanical highlights of the country. The focal point of Kitulo is wildflowers East Africa has 62 species of Acacia trees. Six are endemic to the land of Tanzania. Acacias grow as shrubs or trees.
Researchers explored a remote valley on Kilimanjaro mountain. The discovery?
A two-hour walk from the Mrusunga forest in the Kidia ward of Moshi rural district lies a towering 81.5 metres, making a new record for Africa’s tallest tree.
Mpingo, the African blackwood tree is a heavily branched tree that grows gradually for close to a 100 years before harvest. It is native to twenty-six African countries from the north in Ethiopia to the south in Angola. It spreads the west in Senegal to the east in Tanzania.
An important ecosystem component, Mpingo covers approximately two-thirds of the country. Nitrogen fixing ,improves fertility and maintains the stability of soil.
The Westernised name African Blackwood is valuable as it is perfect for carvings with perfect finishes, Intricate ornaments are carved from them.
In North America and Europe, it is used for carving woodwind instruments like bagpipes, oboes and clarinets.
The medicinal properties of the tree include the treatment of many ailments and the wood is boiled in some regions to create a broth for bathing new born babies, believed to benefit in imparting strength. The sapwood makes high energy fuel or charcoal
A blissful melody of liberating tunes left heart beats echoing with rhythm and souls pulsating with sounds of Africa at the renowned Bagamoyo Festival.
Many fundraising projects were initiated for further development. One of them was AMAP (“The Africa Modern Arts Project”). Based in the historical town of Bagamoyo, AMAP serves as a community-based learning centre with a mission to harbour and guide local talent, helping artists to polish skill and flourish as professionals.
Joyful vocals brightening the gloom with a soulful blend of jazz and funk sprouted with a new age twist at performances and workshops at Dhow Countries Music Academy in Zanzibar.
According to DCMA director Mitchel Strumpf, “Ms. Nokwe visited Zanzibar during the time of the Zanzibar Film Festival and participated in activities of the Festival. She conducted a workshop for the Certificate and Diploma students at the Dhow Countries Music Academy and performed as a special guest during a concert by the DCMA's Taarab-Kidumbak Ensemble. That visit was a trail-blazer for future visits, an opening of the door to see the interests of people for thinking about music and music-making from the standpoint of music being healthy for broadening the soul of a person, including the sharing of musical sounds like sharing food at a dinner.“Her voice is magnificent and the music projects she and her family have been doing in South Africa hopefully will associate with the activities of DCMA and other schools of music traditions from African cultures in other parts of Africa to form an Association of Schools of Traditional African Music. This idea was discussed in detail while she was at DCMA. While in Zanzibar previously, Ms Nokwe also gave a master class in singing and African song styles.
The design of her programme was to boost self-esteem and inspiration with creative interaction, music and storytelling with self-management and life skills workshops, jam sessions and talent showcases. An opportunity for Africa to share all they excel in.
"Africa needs ongoing inspiration and motivation to maintain happy societies" Tu Nokwe
Intricate harmonies and blissful guitar rhythms ensemble a rise into the realm of open avenues of possibilities, inspiration and empowerment.
Guest of honour Tu Nokwe will be accompanied by none other than the legendary Dorothy Masuka with a group of five children.
Dorothy rose to fame in the revolutionary era of the 1950’s and aspires to share her wisdom with the upcoming generation to explore the magnificent continent they are from.
Her voice evoked global applause. Her songs catapulted many South African artists to fame, Her music spoke of the times. She’s an international icon, role model, artist, mother, grandmother, family caregiver, composer, singer, musician, entertainer.
The history of the contribution of black women musicians would be incomplete without the story of Dorothy Masuka whose musical compositions still inspire young and old musicians today.
The Juu Afrikan Arts and Culture festival in Morogoro has launched.
The main festival themes encompass a revival, a preservation, and revamping authentic legendary tribal African root tunes and music. The fusion of new compositions that integrate contemporary creations with an authentic rhyme influx and beats, celebrating true African heritage with soul music. The initial festival featured sparked of with Ruguru culture. The festival launched into branches of tribe celebrations, paying homage to heritage with cultural performances encompassing unique tribal stories, songs, plays, dances films and narratives.
JUU celebrates the heritage of Motherland Africa in Tanzania. The vital role of education promotes a culture of reading and awareness
JUU Afrika Festivals works with schools located in mostly rural villages where the roots and values of Tanzanian culture must be protected. JUU understands the importance of learning and takes positive action to achieve it.
Juu Afrika Festival accentuates the need for producers and consumers of validated information and quality publications for education, business and government to promote a culture of reading and awareness of the value of historic archives, libraries and museums.
Tanzanian and African history cannot get lost.
Arts and culture is vital for prosperity on the continent. Africa needs to take control of their collective economic destiny and suppport each other
Jilinde: Protect yourself mentally by changing our neo-colonialist attitudes that prevent us from realizing our potential while also maintaining high morals.
“Emancipate yourself from mental slavery” – Bob Marley
Ulindwe: “Guard and protect others by sharing positive ideas and work together.”
Harambee:People should be responsible for well-being and safety of others.
We must preserve nature–not destroy it.
The time has come for Africa. Tune in…..
In blissful melody of the tunes, souls pulsated and heart beats echoed with the rhythm. Sparks brightened the gloom: The time is now. 'Light of Africa' : Share the 'Light of Africa' follow facebook.com/tu.nokwe and join in on the group Khanyisa-Light of Africahttps://facebook.com/groups/568415699980068/?view=group
The only in Tanzania quest continues. Why Tanzania? Today we introduce and explore the birds of Tanzania.
Tanzania in East Africa has a wide range of endemic bird species. It is one spectacular country offering a variety of birding habitats, including the montane forest, savanna miombo woodland, arid plains and the coastline.
It is a migratory passageway as well. Despite many attractions, national parks and reserves place big game on display ahead of birds. A visit to Tanzania in East Africa is definitely memorable lifetime for birders,
It is recorded that there are 1100 bird species in Tanzania.This is the the third-highest on the continent of Africa.
A well-planned bird watching itinerary for two weeks can result in viewing approximately 300 species.
Game reserves like Selous and Serengeti are rewarding for bird watching and are an ideal introduction to the widespread species.
Experienced birders usually explore the Eastern Arc Mountains. They are the biggest attraction in Tanzania as they harbor 35 endemics that are found exclusively in Tanzania
Birding in Tanzania is good all year round, the prime season is usually September to April when the resident population has migrants that spend the northern hemisphere winter in Africa.
Winter in Europe coincides with the rainy season in East Africa when resident species transform into bright colors. We discuss a few notable birds endemic to the country.
The Kilombero weaver species discovered in the year 1986 because of patchy, restricted distribution in a small range of the Kilombero River, a floodplain in the south-central Tanzania.
Support for our Native birds in Tanzania
All that desire to support native birds from Tanzania can either donate to organizations with the goal to protect endangered wildlife and habitats.
The other way is spreading an awareness about our magnificent birds and find ways to help as individuals like keeping a clean environment. We need more protected areas and national parks and focus on more protection in conservation areas that exist.
My venture into East Africa, Tanzania was a mind plan for many years and the biggest drawing card? ….Mount Kilimanjaro - The magnetising realm of the highest mountain on the motherland continent of Africa and the highest free standing mountain on earth! The gratifying feeling of being on the top of your world.
Not on the best fitness enthusiast level and having embarked on a raw food lifestyle many around me regarded the Kilimanjaro plan mystifying and found no reason or logic to withstand reaching the risk of a peak.
Until it is actually done, never mind those that frowned, you will personally see lessons learned along the way, not as a mountain expert or travel guide, but pure soul reflection of a climb of note.
My Trip Dates: 9 May 2011- 16 May 2011
Type of travel: Bus from the city centre of Dar-es Salaam to Moshi town. Slept over 9 May for the coming journey ahead.
The group had a wide range and diversity from the youngest of only 12years old ! We paid $1800 per person. There were eight people in total.
Choosing the Route
The planted sub conscious droning on streaming fear of the risk came in handy to factor common sense when it was time for coordination of the final plan of the adventure. Most will climb Kilimanjaro just once, so the path chosen should ensure success to get to the top!
Now statistics can really be unreliable depending on who is consulted. The estimation is that only thirty percent of people reach Uhuru Peak.
There are basically six official routes to get to the top of Mount Kilimanjaro.
Three of these routes, namely Marangu, Machame and Umbwe approach from a southerly direction. Two of the routes Lemosho and Shira from the west and Rongai from the northeasterly side.
Each has s considerations to take note of and differing success rates. I chose the five night Rongai route. It is consistent and gradual except when reaching the final ascent. It is less crowded and has a wider range of scenery.
Each person daring to venture the climb up should choose the best one for themselves or group that accompanies them.
Climbing Kilimanjaro is not a cheap mission and needs to be carefully planned. It is better not to try not cut corners and risk injury as a result.
We hiked for five hours! It was approximately eight kilometres in total. We were picked up in Arusha after an early morning breakfast. We drove to the Marangu Gate.
The trail starts in tall corn fields leading to pine forests. It was a gradual ascent and we enjoyed the surroundings. The Montane forests were spectacular. We had a lunch break halfway up. Our tents were set up by the time we reached 1st caves camp. We were made aware of cold temperatures of the night and served a warm supper!
On day two we hiked about seven hours up to Kekelewa caveat 3600m. We passed the second cave at 3450m and took a lunch break. All was set up by the time we reached the freezing and exposed camp!
On day 3 we ventured towards the Mawenzu tarn camp at 4330m. The trail was short but we got to see some exotic plants in the moorland. The views were just spectacular and we gazed at the sunset splendor.
On Day four we made our way up to the Kibo hut at 4700m. It took about five hours. The area is an alpine desert. It was an early night that evening.
Day Five took about eight hours, An ascent six kilometres up. We were on a mission to reach the summit! We were woken up close to midnight to begin the attempt to reach the summit. Rock and the steep path ahead at the highest altitude ever. We reached the snow covered point until the summit. A lifetime accomplishment!
Descend back down is about 27 km for six hours.We stopped at Horombo Hut at 3720m and finally Marangu Gate (1980m)
The dormant volcano Kilimanjaro comprises of the volcanic cones, Mawenzi, Kibo, this is where the Uhuru summit is .
Kibo is dormant but it is not extinct. The last eruption happened 360000 years back. Volcanic activity occurred two hundred years ago and the ash pit is visible from the Uhuru Peak.
The summit of Mount Kilimanjaro is called Uhuru Peak and stands at 5,895m. Mount Everest, 8,848 meters which are just over 2,950 meters higher than Kilimanjaro.
Depending on which route is taken, it is a walking mountain, so no need to worry if about grappling skills. If you happen to not be an avid hiker, it is best to get some practice trails beforehand.
More preparation will help. Prepare hiking between four and twelve hours each day for approximately six or seven days. You need to be comfortable with endurance bearing in mind the distance as well.
Do a through gear checklist. Get hiking boots. No one needs to deal with blister s and other feet issues.
The temperature and weather can fluctuate dramatically from the start to the end of the trip, so it is better to choose wick fabrics and bring along layers.
Get good quality thermal underwear and a warm hat, gloves, sunscreen and sunglasses, rain protection, a day pack, camel backs and water bottles
This is not a race, not a sprint. Chill out, relax and check out amazing views along the way while your body adjusts. The guides are helpful in pacing out the climb appropriately
Once the days hiking is over get ready to set up camp. Take a short climb up and back down for the body to adjust and acclimatise. Acute mountain sickness can affect the strongest and healthiest. All are susceptible and gender age or fitness does not correlate.
Be aware of the realities
It is an awkward truth that acute mountain sickness causes about ten people to die each year when they attempt to get to the top of Kilimanjaro. Many have to be carried down before getting to the top. The major issue causing evacuations as a result of altitude sickness.
Now success is also about drinking plenty water amounts and eating on a regular basis as well even if there may be a case of appetite loss. Get a guide or a company that provides good meals as well. There is a medication for acute mountain sickness if you feel an onset of symptoms coming up as well as prevention.
Once a certain point has been reached there is no way of curing any acute altitude sickness and at this time it would be best to stop the climb and head back down. It is important to pay attention to the body and never underestimate any signs of dangers.
Amazing sights along the way
The journey up offers travel passing through a rainforest, where there are pep monkeys and other crawlies too and worldly unique vegetation.
Once the top is reached there is not a lot of vegetation, but snow and rock, and the view from above get you viewing the clouds below! It is an amazing planet earth venture of note. Each camp along the way is breathtaking peaceful and beautiful beyond words.
It is the best time to click into a soul connection. Breathe m think and clear the mind. Contemplate your soul purpose, you connect the environment and think about how and why your calling here appeared.
But before delving into headspace do get to know the guides as well as fellow hikers that will accompany you on the journey ahead. There is a lot to learn from each other. Encouragement, patience and support are really needed.
The Mountain is Mind Over Matter
It is not completely true that there is no real challenge, It is a mountain for sure. The highest free standing in the world and the top of Africa!
By mind, over matter, we all reach an awareness level. We program our minds to create success or failure levels. Even if you decide that you are reaching the summit, it takes full energy, focus and total discipline.
I thought that summiting Lion’s Head and Table Mountain in Cape Town meant my mind level has been conquered. You have to work your mind up to not stand in the way of your mission to the Uhuru Peak summit.
The body is capable of the most incredible things. Once self-doubt is dealt with, the mental weariness slips away, new heights of capabilities gets discovered.
In actual fact, the final ten hours are extremely brutal in ways that are not imagined. On the last two nights, you only get to sleep for a limited time before taking off at midnight to keep going up.
You cannot spend much time at the altitude reached so there is a need to go up and down to maximise the hours of sunlight you can capture. You get tired. It is freezing cold! The altitude causes some brain waves to jerk you up a little. Oxygen is so thin and getting enough to breathe is a mission. And the physical exertion is overbearing.
The last miles to the top are steep and the sand gravel is not your best friend this time. Every time you step forward you slide half of a step backwards. It feels like a cruel joke on you. You got to keep holding up and will make it to the top.
And then you get to see the world from the most spectacular and you open your eyes and see that it was all worth it!
You will be at a conquering energy kneeling down in tears of exuberance, and there is a mobile reception on the top by the way. so get ready to Messenger, Tweet a and Skype away!
Once you are on the top, you get fifteen minutes there as the altitude to too tough for the body. You will need to journey down approximately sixty percent back before you can camp again. This can be another mission especially if you struggled to get to the summit.
Nevertheless, it is a well-earned victory. Nobody can really be sure they can make it to the top. Once you exit the gate of Kilimanjaro National park, the realisation hits you. You made it all the way and got the to top of the tallest free standing mountain in the whole world. You travel 50 miles and climb up19300 feet. And you are down to earth!
The human body and strength of your spirit can make you accomplish and handle amazing miracles you never imagined. Pushing yourself to the limits by reaching the peak of this mountain is the ultimate.
Exuberance and pride are intensely overwhelming. It stays engraved in mind archives for any day you may feel down or demotivated. The unparalleled memory of upliftment despite any triumphs you are faced with. Anyone who can afford it and is game should definitely not miss this one!
It is well documented that Serengeti is the most scientifically significant and oldest ecosystem on our planet Earth. The fauna and flora and weather patterns have changed a little in over a million years and the area has a prehistoric presence.
Serengeti means “endless plains” in the language of the Maasai. Serengeti National Park is a world of wonders, a celebrated wilderness area, a true inspiration to artists, photographers, filmmakers and writers alike.
Serengeti is listed as one of the seven natural wonders including, The Nile River Egypt, the Sahara Desert that traverses eleven countries, Okavango Delta of Botswana and of course the Nile River, Egypt.
Best Time to Venture into Serengeti
There is no specific time that is set for Serengeti. Some say avoid rainy seasons from April to May. Different times and seasons offer different experiences. Research what you prefer to experience and determine how long you plan to be in Tanzania.
Serengeti is world renowned for the annual migration period where approximately three million antelopes migrate to Masai Mara in Kenya. This is usually at the end of the rainy season in May.
Travels to Serengeti are good all year round with one highlight being the antelope migration. When the short rain starts in October the return migration to Serengeti begins.
If you plan on travelling with your children, not a problem at all. There are fun-filled activities for all ages. Carry Binoculars are and a camera. Take along some warm clothes for ea game drives in the morning, wear boots and take along a torch with some sunscreen.
On a venture to explore Tanzania? These are key travel tips to take heed of in this exciting venture.
Main Language use is Kiswahili. Pick up a few words and blend in with the locals.
Currency is Tanzania Tshillings, but foreign currencies like Euros and Dollars are accepted at most tourist spaces. Credit cards, not widely. ATMs for cash withdrawals are available and park fees for Safaris are payable with a designated TANAPA card issued at local banks ELIM or CRDB.
Air Tanzania, South Africa Airways, Fastjet, Precision air, Uganda, Egypt, Ethiopian, Emirates.Kenya, Oman, KLM, Qatar and Rwanda.
Take a yellow fever vaccination. Malaria is preventable, provided that repellents and mosquito nets are used. There is anti-malaria medication available as well. Make sure only bottle or boiled water is used for drinking.
Weather is dry and hot with cool mornings and evenings. Short rains from November to mid-December and a long rainy season from March to May. Coastal areas remain hot and humid all year round. Seasons do vary. If you are planning to reach Kilimanjaro Peak or climb Mount Meru, freezing points can be reached.
Take along light clothes and a sweater for mornings and evenings. If you are venturing on a game drive and a Safari trip a sun hat, sunglasses and sunscreen will be advisable and long pant and sleeves to ward off insect bites. If Kilimanjaro or Mount climbing ventures, get thermal underwear, rain jackets, boots and socks and a sweater.
Safari Parks usually open at 6:30 am and close at 6:00 pm. Advice since distances are long to travel between them is to choose specific parks. Travel less and see more. Follow the advice of guides and ranges.keep vehicles in designated spots and follow recognised paths to avoid vegetation damage.
Cameras should be protected and do ask permission before taking pictures of local people.
Travel insurance is advisable with cover for any lost baggage and possible medical expenses
Carry a headlamp or torch as power failures and surges are common.
Safari car hires usually need to be hired with a driver.
Check visa requirements with the embassy or consulate.
Protect personal belongings even though Tanzania is generally a safe country.
Safari Package – Game Parks in Southern Tanzania Selous Game Reserve,Mikumi,Udzungwa Mountains,Saadani National Park
Southern Tanzania Safari Itinerary
We depart from a pickup point in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania and drive to Selous Game Reserve early morning. On the way, we stop for lunch at Kibiti, small city, in the Pwani.
We arrive at Selous Game reserve late afternoon and do a boat Safari on River Rufiji for two hours Overnight lodge at Selous.
On the second day, a Game drive in Selous National Park and have a picnic lunch.
Selous in the Southern region of Tanzania is the largest game reserve in Africa. The most popular for wildlife viewing . A hidden gem with rivers and lakes with fabulous game species including wild dog, elephants, crocodiles hippos, crocodiles and lions as well.
We begin with a cultural Village Tour of Mloka in the morning after breakfast for two hours. Mloka Village approximately 3km from the Selous Game reserve The village tours are a walk in the village, a market visit and interacting with local people. The village tours are a walk in the village, a market visit and interacting with local people.
Mloka Village approximately 3km from the Selous Game reserve The village tours are a walk in the village, a market visit and interacting with local people. The village tours are a walk in the village, a market visit and interacting with local people.
After the tour we proceed to Mikumi game park and arrive in Mikumi National park in the evening. Overnight stay over in Mikumi.
We begin with a game drive exploring Mikumi National Park with a
Mikumi game drive.
Mikumi is abundant in wildlife on the open horizon of the Mkata Floodplain, the Mikumi centrepiece similar to the popular Serengeti Plains.
We Journey to explore Undzungwa mountains.
Udzungwa, the largest and the most biodiverse forest swathed mountain rises majestically from eastern Tanzania flat plains . It is a treasure-trove of animals and endemic plants .
After exploring the magical wonders on Undzungwa, we sleep over for the night.
On the morning of day six, we depart to Saadani National park.
Saadani National park in the historical triangle of Pangani, Bagamoyo and Zanzibar the park is the only wildlife sanctuary that borders the sea. The hot, humid coastal climate offers a unique marine fauna and flora variety in a setting that is culturally fascinating .There are approximately thirty species of mammals as well has numerous bird and reptile species. The ocean has a variety of fish species with dolphins, whales and green turtles.
A half day Boat Safari in Saadani, camp lunch, and a half day game drive
Delve into the mystic wonders of Tanzania with leaping red monkeys,crawling coconut crab, and traces of first human life on earth.
Human life started in Africa-Tanzania.Evidence exists of the very human ancestors on earth in Tanzania, Olduvai on a site called Olduvai Gorge. Stone tools and fossil bones that date back millions of years ago were discovered and this led to the conclusion that the first human beings originated in Africa.
The earliest human skull in the world was discovered in Olduvai Gorge in Olduvai a misspelt Maasai word Oldupai that defines a plant called wild sisal growing in that area. It is located between Ngorongoro and the Serengeti National Park.
Thirty percent of Tanzania consists of National Parks, with twelve parks, thirteen nature reserves and thirty-eight protected areas and many endemic or endangered species including twelve vertebrate species that were discovered in recent years.
Three notable Tanzania species the red Colobus monkey of Zanzibar, flying fox in Oembe and Ader Duike, Africa’s rare forest antelope.
The Tarangire national park has the highest density of large ungulates in the East of Africa as well as kudu, oryx and the highest elephant population.
Wildlife migration is seasonal and they disperse to neighbouring lands belonging to Massai communities and coexist with the herds.
The Kirundi was discovered in the year 2003 and is the first new discovery of monkey genus in over eighty years and is rare with the last population count not exceeding 1,117.
The Ruaha River is Tanzania’s key waterway for fishery and provision of seventy percent of the country’s electricity.
The largest population of the wild elephant is in Tanzania’s Ruaha National park.
Mount Kilimanjaro is Africa’s highest mountain and the world’s highest free-standing mountain. Kilimanjaro represents East Africa’s compelling beauty. Rising in a breathtaking isolation from the coastal scrubland that surrounds it to an elevation of 900m to 5895 m.It is the most accessible high summit in the world.
The coconut crab is the largest crab in the world is found in Tanzania on Zanzibar Island.The BirgesLatro, coconut crab is a hermit crab that is terrestrial. Other popular names for them are ‘robber crabs’ and ‘palm thief’s’.
They are the largest anthropoids living on land in the world. They can grow as large as one meter. They eat coconuts by ripping the husk strips with pincers hitting repeatedly until the coconut cracks open. They are land based and only lay eggs in the sea. They do not have the ability to swim and can drown if they are immersed in water for a long period.Their lifespan can extend over sixty years
6 .Ngorongoro, the world’s largest volcanic crater is nineteen kilometres with a depth of six hundred meters.The crater formed after a volcano exploded and collapsed about three million years ago. It is declared a world heritage site by UNESCO.
7.Freddie Mercury, the popular lead vocalist of the well-known band “Queen” was born in Zanzibar archipelago. Tanzania. Originally his name was Farrok Bulsara.
8.Lions climb trees in Lake Manyara National park, the only lions that climb trees freely in the world
9. Tanzania has over four million wild animals consisting of four hundred and thirty species as well as subspecies. The concentration of animals for every square meter is the largest in the world.
10. The Mpingo trees also known as the African Blackwood tree is the source for one of the most expensive timbers that exist in the world grows in Tanzania. The fine texture, high density and durability make it a preferred type of wood for musical instruments.
Planning to travel to Africa and venture on mountain climbing? Let’s start at the beginning of creation, the heart of the motherland, Tanzania.
Many nature lovers, come out to explore amazing wildlife and exciting Safaris. Others that have little interest in game drives and Safaris opt for climbing and hiking adventures. It becomes a combo of a Safari and a mountain climbing venture as the lush pathways have many wildlife sightings as well.
A traveler to Tanzania aiming to reach the peaks usually aim for Mount Kilimanjaro.
Mount Kilimanjaro is number one on the list. It is the most famous and the highest mountain on the continent of motherland Africa.
Other mountain ranges that have attractive peaks are in the North and East of Tanzania. We have Mt Meru, Ol Donyo Lengai active volcano, and the tamer Usambara Mountains, gentle Crater Highlands slopes.
1. Mount Kilimanjaro
First on the list isMountKilimanjaro. In the northern Tanzania plateau with snowy peaks, above the rolling hills.The glaciers and slopes reaching way above the clouds.
2. Mt Meru Crater
Mt Meru Crater is neglected if favor of his East neighbor Mt Kilimanjaro. This mountain close to Arusha National Park is definitely an experience that will be an unforgettable memory.
The low slopes are covered in a highlight of a dense forest where buffalos graze and the colobus monkeys play.
This extinct volcano has a base of a perfect crater and an additional inner crater with sheer, sharp cliffs. The subsidiary peak is formed by the Ash Cone. Momela lakes and Ngurdoto Crater are visible from the mountain slopes.
3. Crater Highlands
The Crater Highlands rise up from the Rift Valley.The lush chain of volcanoes and mountains including the Ngorogongo conservation area that is surrounded by Massai tribal lands. Hiking Safaris offer tourists a pathway from Ngorongoro Crater to the foot of Ol Donyo Lengai and a chance to see stunning scenery of spectacular Tanzania.
Hiking Safaris offer tourists a pathway from Ngorongoro Crater to the foot of Ol Donyo Lengai and a chance to see stunning scenery of spectacular Tanzania.
This is a hiking adventure of a lifetime. Large zebra and wildebeest herds graze nearby and lions lay back in the sun. At the calling of dawn, the black rhino return and to the thick layer of crater forests after completing their dew-laden grass in early morning mists. Nearby Massai herd goats and cattle over the green pastures of highland slopes.
At the calling of dawn, the black rhino return and to the thick layer of crater forests after completing their dew-laden grass in early morning mists. Nearby Massai herd goats and cattle over the green pastures of highland slopes.
4. The Eastern Arc Mountain Range
Stretching all the way from the Taita Hills South of Kenya to the Southern Highlands of Tanzania the Eastern Arc mountain range has a long history of geological activity.
It is estimated to be over a hundred million years old and some formations are six hundred million years old. The climate stability allows this area to inhabit a wide array of insect and plant life to amazing species of birds.
5. Livingstone Mountains
A low altitude range of mountains that on the border of Lake Nyasa.It is in a remote location and difficult to reach as the pathways are uncharted for the climb and are usually unexplored.
6. Monduli Mountains
A few hours away from Arusha, a day trip to the Monduli Mountains can either be a journey of a casual day trip or part of a hiking itinerary that is longer.
Massai herd cattle along the slopes and various cultural tour programs offer visitors an opportunity to learn about traditional medicines and local culture of the Massai.
It is surrounded by views of the rift valley, Mount Meru, and Mount Kilimanjaro.
7. Mount Hanang
Located on bumpy tracks about 200km on the South East of Arusha, the extinct volcanic crater is a stunning feature above the plains.It is usually a two-day climb, that takes trekkers via several tribal lands including the semi-nomadic Barabaig, known for goatskin garments.
8. Ol Donyo Lengai
Overlooking The Kenya bushland and Lake Natron, Ol Donyo Lengai meaning ‘ the home of God’ in Massai, this is an active volcano and an undiscovered and spectacular climb in Tanzania.
It has sporadic volcano eruptions, sending gray lava streams down the rim of the crater and spits out hot ash into the air. The climb is usually overnight for hikers to experience the spectacular sunrise over the escarpment of the Rift Valley.
9. Pare Mountains
On The Eastern Arc range in the North East of Tanzania lies the remote Pare Mountains and is extremely rewarding to trekkers on a search for trails off beaten paths.
It is home to the Pare tribe, pastoralists, and agriculturists who have retained traditional life.A Pare mountain hike takes visitors through beautiful forests and local villages, part of Tanzania that is little visited.
10. Udzungwa Mountains
The Udzungwa Mountains is located on the west of Dar es Salaam.It rises from the West of Selous Game Reserve. Vervet monkeys play in the forests and forest antelopes can be viewed at certain times of the day. The botanical diversity is exceptional, and the park hosts numerous endangered species of birds. The peak of the mountain offers views of the Selous game reserve and the coast of the Indian Ocean. It is a worthwhile venture.
11. Uluguru Mountains
The Uluguru mountains overlook the Morogoro agricultural area and part of the Eastern Arc range. Named after the Luguru tribe, a group that farms on the verdant slopes.This area is amidst the oldest forests in Africa.Hiking here is pleasant and rewarding.It has a plethora of endemic insect and bird species.
12. Usambara Mountains
Part of the Eastern Arc in the North East and is divided by 4km valley of farms and small villages. There are day trips and overnight treks, taking visitors through an area of concentrated biodiversity. Bird watching is rewarding and the views include the Indian Ocean and Massai Steppe.
World Environment day marks a special day. It highlights the importance of the environment we live in. We need to take the time to always celebrate nature. The environment connects to us and supports us in every essence. We need to support our environment.
Humans are creatures on earth that mold the environment. The environment is for physical sustenance. It is part and parcel of our existence. It molds us. It gives opportunity for moral intellectual and spiritual growth,
The evolution of the human race on the planet with the rapid science and technology acceleration allows man the power to transform the environment in endless ways.
The protection of the environment affects the well-being of people as well as economic development in the world. June 5th was designated as world environment day by the United Nations.
Celebrating world environment day is an opportunity to broaden enlightenment and responsible conduct by enterprises, communities, and individuals. It started in 1974 and is a global platform of a public outreach celebrated everywhere in the world
People and Nature – The ‘true love’ connection
World environment day has a central theme on pressing environmental issues, the theme for 2017 is about connecting people to nature.
It ignites an urge to be outdoors and appreciate the beauty of nature. We intimately depend on nature. We find fun in nature and the experience allows us to cherish the relationship.
Many in rural settings touch base every day close to nature and can appreciate dependence on nature to provide livelihoods with fertile soil and natural water.
Pollution, overexploitation and climate changes alter ecosystems. When ecosystems are threatened, all are affected.
The gifts of nature cannot be valued in monetary terms, clean air is taken for granted until it is scarce.
An East African Community initiative, LVEMP, is a regional initiative that is coordinated by LVBC, the Lake Victoria Basin Commission. It is implemented in the five East African states Kenya, Uganda, Burundi, Tanzania and Rwanda
The main objectives are to improve collaborative management of natural resources of the Lake Victoria basin and improve the environmental management of pollution hotspots for the benefit of the communities that depend on the lake Victoia Basin natural resources.
Raleigh International funded by the OAK Foundation initiated a ‘Youth for Green Growth’ project that supports youth action for environmental and social advocacy in the Tanzania region. This in turn, promotes an advancement for the agenda of green growth, contributing to the global sustainable development goals.
The project involves experiential training and learning opportunities, as well as the support of organization strengthening of youth-led societies that enable the youth of Tanzanian to address environmental and social developmental issues at grassroots and at a national level.