Located in the east of Africa, Tanzania is made of a flat plateau, rising from a coast belt at an average height of 1500m. The plateau is segmented by the twenty million-year-old Great Rift Valley.
The Great Rift from outer space resembles two parallel lines that run down Africa. It cuts a 2000m deep tough on the continent of Africa all the way from the Dead Sea to the land of Mozambique.
The main branch of the Rift Valley bisects Tanzania. The Western part of the Rift valley consists of the Tanzania Congo border.
It initially formed about 20 million years ago when the crust of the earth crust weakened and tore apart.
The jagged rift that was created stretched for many thousands of kilometres down East Africa.
The plate of earth tearing caused earthquakes and eruptions with formations of volcanic mountains on all sides of the rift and the floor of the valet sank lower forming flat plains.
We have clear indications that Tanzania is rooted in the 'beginning of creation'
Tanzania was home to the ‘Great Apes’ .The settlements were unearthed by archaeologists. In Northern Tanzania, around ‘the cradle of mankind’, Olduvai Gorge, came the discovery of stone tools. Discovered by Louis Leakey after the rocks were taken to Germany from a 1913 expedition to Olduvai. The oldest form of human technology was discovered in Olduvai Gorge.
Discovered by Louis Leakey after the rocks were taken to Germany from a 1913 expedition to Olduvai. The oldest form of human technology was discovered in Olduvai Gorge.
Paranthropus Boise discovered in Tanzania is said to be over 1.8 million years old. Then there were fossils of Homo habilis fossils were subsequently made. Nearby Laetoli was where the oldest hominid footprints were discovered by Mary Leakey around 1978 was estimated to be 3.6 million years old. Tracking back to 10000 years, Tanzania was made of main hunter-gatherers, that are assumed to have been people who were
Tracking back to 10000 years, Tanzania was made of main hunter-gatherers, that are assumed to have been people who were Khoisan-speaking. About 3000 – 6000 year ago Cushitic-speaking coming from the north arrived who introduced basic agriculture techniques together with food production, and eventually cattle farming.
At about 2000 years, back Bantu-speaking people migrated from West Africa. At a later stage, Nilotic pastoralists immigrated until the 18th century. One of the most important archaeological sites in Tanzania is Engaruka located in Great Rift Valley with a cultivation and irrigation system.
Welcome home. Tour Africa, our motherland. Karibu!
Parc National de L’Isalo is one of the country’s most spectacular regions, perfect for overnight hikes, rock-hopping along cool canyons and spotting lemurs. It’s best to visit during the cooler months (April to October) when the bizarre patchy podiums and periwinkles are in flower on the rock faces and walking is more comfortable.
Tribute to Ancestors
The Sakalava people used to bury their dead in caves high up on cliff faces. Spread across 152,000 hectares, the Tsingy de Bemaraha Strict Nature Reserve has amazing forests, lakes and mangrove swamps, home to a variety of rare and endangered birds and lemurs. With gorges, rivers, and Ancient cemeteries Tsingyis a must visit.
But Madagascar isn't all just animals and conservation.
Madagascar Soul History
There’s a lot of history going on down as well. Ambohimanga is one of the summer palaces of the old Malagasy royal family. Antananarivo, or Tana, has a distinctively French flavor: The city is built on three levels. Dominating the city is the Queen’s Palace and associated Royal Village or Rova. Now a national monument, it was once the
Dominating the city is the Queen’s Palace and associated Royal Village or Rova. Now a national monument, it was once the residence of the Merina Dynasty which, in the 19th century, united all Madagascar for the first time.
There are the museums d’Andafiavaratra and the archaeology museum. On the lowest level is the market said to bee the second-largest in the world. The birthplace of the Malagasy state. Ambohimanga is known as ‘the blue city’, ‘the holy city’ and ‘the forbidden city’. The citadel was an important Merina stronghold and its main gate is an enormous stone disc; 40 men were needed to roll it into position.
Or else you can check out the old pirate colony island of Ile St Marie. Its dense vegetation and the difficulty of navigating the lagoons which surround it made it an ideal base for pirates and, later, a colony for convicts.
There are many clove plantations and several historic sites, including Madagascar’s oldest Catholic church. It’s the perfect destination for those who just want to relax. You can snorkel, sunbath and overindulge on coconut rum punches.
Feel and Taste Madagascar
Buy cinnamon, vanilla and coconut oil from the local children, sip fiery ti-punch and sample the most delicious freshly-caught seafood or sit under a palm tree on a white sandy beach. There’s whale-watching in July and August, and the amazing spiny forest along the road just north of Mangilly is well worth a look.With coral reefs just offshore, sea breezes whispering in the casuarina trees and a relaxed tropical ambiance, who wants to go home?
Malagasy soothing tunes (myspace.com/tambatra) by our conttributor glamorous soul sister from Madagascar (myspace.com/tambatra myspace.com/tambatra1)
Getting around Madagascar
Check this out. Air Madagascar, serves numerous destinations throughout the country, which is a good thing considering that many roads have huge potholes and are impassable in the rainy season. Flights are still relatively inexpensive and they offer a 50% discount on domestic flights to passengers using the airline to travel to Madagascar.
The taxi-be, which is quick and comfortable, and the bush taxi, which is cheaper, slower, makes more stops and generally operates on cross-country routes. Fares should be agreed in advance. It is a flat fee. Alternatively, you can go via bus bonus a flat rate is charged irrespective of the distance traveled. Alternatively, take the House-pousse – the rickshaw.
If you are feeling adventurous, you can grab a stagecoach. A few covered wagons continue to take passengers. Otherwise, you can hire a car or motorbike. You will need a national driving license, and remember they drive on the right-hand side.
Or you can catch a train! Only if you have a lot of time. The Malagasy railway network dates from the colonial period, so breakdowns are frequent, a line may be closed for several weeks.
However, there is nothing to beat messing around in boats. Madagascar has a strong maritime tradition. Ferries sail between the islands. You can travel between coastal villages in dugout canoes known as Pirogues or Lakana. You can also hire Dhows and larger cargo boats.
And if you want to bareboat, a “guide” is usually included in the price of the yacht charter. He will cook, guide you, and protect the boat. A yacht charter to Madagascar is a bit of a “Robinson Crusoe” adventure. Once you embark, you cannot provision again and must live off the fish and seafood you will catch for yourself (or with your guide). So get a good one.
Madagascar is a great place to tour by bike and staying in small towns and villages along the way gives a real sense of what the country is all about. A mountain bike or heavy-duty tourer at least is required as the roads can be in poor to terrible condition.
Generally, there is little to no traffic, which makes cruising a great escapade. The people are amazingly friendly and you will be greeted with crowds of children shouting ‘Vazaha’. There are little or no facilities for cyclists, so be prepared to camp rough (ask if it is somebody’s land and never too near a family grave) or sleep in very basic guesthouses. Though you will generally be invited to stay in people’s houses. Bring a spare tire, puncture kit, chain, brake/gear cable, derailleur, and all the tools you need.
Remember that the law is that the ‘tour’ operators have to have a contract with you with all the details on it including the route. The police do check on this and it protects the tourists.
All visitors must have visas, except for citizens of some African countries. Proof of return ticket is required otherwise a deposit must be paid before arriving in Madagascar, which is equivalent to the cost of a flight to the country of origin. And if you come from Africa, you must have a yellow fever vaccination certificate.
Currency -Malagasy Ariary (MGA) Us dollars needs to be declared on arrival. There are currency restrictions
Electrical Power is 127V/220V, RUNNING AT 50Hz.
Languages Spoken : Malagasy, French, English
Time Zones – GMT/UTC +3:
Country Dialing Code +261:
Hot and subtropical climate, colder in the mountains.
Rainy season: November to March.
Dry season: April to October.
Monsoon season is December to March.
.. And when you've had 16 tracks of Malagasy hospitality, the last thing you'll be feeling is lonely - except perhaps when you arrive back home.
A township visit is an emotional and unique sensory experience that is abuzz with the vivid social culture. Each township tells a story of its own about how it was established, the struggle through the years of apartheid and the current age it has evolved into.
South African townships have an irresistible soul and vibe that will welcome you and give you the experience of a lifetime!
Alexandra is affectionately known as ‘Alex’, it is Gauteng’s oldest township. Initially, it was established as a residential area. This was in 1905 by a white farmer. He aimed for a white suburb and named it after his wife. In 1912 it was transformed into a native township. Black people were allowed land ownership.
In 1913 the land act dissolved land ownership rights by blacks. Alexandra continues in migration as it was close in proximity to the employment opportunities in Johannesburg.
‘Alex’ has an interesting and turbulent and past, a fascinating present, and a very promising future. It also has it’s own community radio and TV station.
Soweto is the fifth most popular destination for overseas visitors to the Gauteng province. It’s ‘Jozi’s’ tourism drawcard. And one of the biggest attractions is the Mandela Museum, in Vilakazi Street. The former four-roomed home of Nelson and Winnie Madikizela-Mandela is a deeply moving experience, that reminds us of our past, and gives us hope for the future.
The Hector Pieterson Memorial is three blocks from where 13-year-old Hector was shot and died on 16 June 1976, the day when students in Soweto marched against the repressive imposition of the Afrikaans language in schools
Soweto tours start with, Hector Pieterson Museum and the Regina Mundi church.No trip to Soweto in Johannesburg is complete without a visit to Regina Mundi, the largest Catholic Church in the most popular Soweto.
It’s been a spiritual haven for thousands of Sowetans, it has also played a pivotal role in the township’s history of resistance against apartheid.
The Ubuntu Kraal is a collection of straw-roofed rondavels that form a homestead, popular as a wedding and conference venue.
Many will also be interested in the Soweto Festival. The Soweto Festival is held annually
The venue is the magnificent Walter Sisulu Square in Kliptown, the site of the signing of the historic Freedom Charter by anti-apartheid organizations in 1955.
This is the ideal place for the people of Soweto to congregate over Heritage weekend as the Square is a national monument.
The Soweto Festival centers around an exhibition and day-long entertainment events.
The capturing visit to Katlehong
The Katlehong township area smoldered with political tension in the early 1990s and the name was associated with violent protests and a low-level civil war amongst factions.
This, however, is a thing of the past and in some way seems to make the Art Centre even more of an achievement for being there. Some of the most exquisite examples of ethnic artwork are housed here and the center seems to have been as influenced by the emotional turmoil of the township as its inhabitants once were.
Welcome to motherland Africa! Welcome to South Africa!