The Umbrella and Whistling Thorn trees and others in Tanzania
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The umbrella trees, symbolic of the African bush are usually sighted on Safari.
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There is also the yellow fever tree, the whistling thorn and the ‘wait a bit” Acacia
Tropical rainforest patches in the Eastern Arc of Tanzania provide a rich array of plants, and many can be found only in Tanzania. One such is the Africa violet or Usambara. The Impatiens and Saintpaulia are sold in grocery stores as house plants in the Western World.
Forest patches, remnants of the once large tropical forest of the continent is found in Udzungwa, Uluguru and many other areas. In the southern and western parts of the Eastern Arc, are baobab stands, with striking baobab landscapes in the Tarangire National Park.
Covered by a moist woodland, ‘miombo’, the main vegetation is various Brachystegia tree types.
The central plateau is filled with thickets and Savannah and the Serengeti plain is covered in grasslands.
Kitulo National park and the Amani Nature reserve are amongst botanical highlights of the country. The focal point of Kitulo is wildflowers East Africa has 62 species of Acacia trees. Six are endemic to the land of Tanzania. Acacias grow as shrubs or trees.
Researchers explored a remote valley on Kilimanjaro mountain. The discovery?
A two-hour walk from the Mrusunga forest in the Kidia ward of Moshi rural district lies a towering 81.5 metres, making a new record for Africa’s tallest tree.
The giant rare species Entandrophragmaexcelsum, is typically located in semi-deciduous forests.
Mpingo, the African blackwood tree is a heavily branched tree that grows gradually for close to a 100 years before harvest. It is native to twenty-six African countries from the north in Ethiopia to the south in Angola. It spreads the west in Senegal to the east in Tanzania.
An important ecosystem component, Mpingo covers approximately two-thirds of the country. Nitrogen fixing ,improves fertility and maintains the stability of soil.
The Westernised name African Blackwood is valuable as it is perfect for carvings with perfect finishes, Intricate ornaments are carved from them.
In North America and Europe, it is used for carving woodwind instruments like bagpipes, oboes and clarinets.
The medicinal properties of the tree include the treatment of many ailments and the wood is boiled in some regions to create a broth for bathing new born babies, believed to benefit in imparting strength. The sapwood makes high energy fuel or charcoal
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