Biodiverse Rich Coastal Forest in Tanzania: Pugu Hills

 

Pugu Forest reserve in the Pwani region of Tanzania is adjacent to the Kazimzumbwi Forest Reserve.These forests are considered as the oldest in the world!

There is never a shortage of places to go outside of Dar es Salaam that will take at least four hours of driving, besides the beaches, of course…a great privilege for any city.

A coastal forest reserve situated 20km from Dar es Salaam, Tanzania might not be part of traditional tour routes in Tanzania, yet it attracts a fair number of visits.  Often visited by biologists, it is a  top forest in Africa for bird conservation.

 

A 20-minute drive from the Julius Nyerere airport, the main attractions include a sacred cave of the Zaramo people, a cattle market, and fascinating bat caves, the historical remains of Colonial times including a railway tunnel and  Kaolinite industry an off course, the forest.

 

Kaolin deposits of high quality lie below Pugu Hills in the Kisarawe district. These resources are untapped despite a growing demand worldwide. Local and foreign geologists have confirmed Kaolin deposits of  2.3 billion metric tonnes.

Biodiversity richness is high with a wide range of plants, birds, reptiles, insects, and birds.

There are about fourteen known endemic plants, two endemic mammal species, and an endemic subspecies of birds.  Wildlife includes Masaai giraffes, elephants, impalas, warthogs, Tanzanian cheetahs, Africa leopards, spotted hyenas, mongooses, elephant shrews, galagos, civets, side strapped and black back jackals, and over eighty species of birds as well as bat colonies dwelling in the caves.

 

Welcome #ExploreMotherlandAfrica

 

 

 

‘#CreatepreneurAfrica’ – Pablo Zungu Art wonders in Tanzania

The journey was ongoing. The chapter seemed to be spurting out more and more. My never-ending delve into Africa. The spark was ignited into abundance beyond note. Turning passions into profit, the rhythm echoed into smooth sailing miracles.

The Making of a Createpreneur.

When anybody churns out the term “entrepreneur”, what springs to mind at the word?A briefcase, tie and suit image?

A briefcase, tie and suit image?

On the other hand, maybe pictures of those in the billionaire ranks flashed in the media.

That is a narrow view. There are vast ways to spring any creative business venture into motion.

A common theme of ‘CreatEntepreneurs’ is a risk. Many work independently, industries differ, business can gain wisdom from other varied experiences and their management of work and risks.

 

If you an artist that goes solo with your artwork meet, CreatEntepreneur™ Pablo Zungu.

 

 

 

Pablo is an artist in Tanzania in East Africa with a large international following.

 

As artist living in a remote unknown village called Mloka on the outskirts of the main buzz of city centre. How did he get an international audience, people from all over the world to buy his local trending artwork?

Tell us about your true passion in life?

My passion is filling my day creating new pieces of art. It is expression, letting go. Each day on waking until the day closes. I found my passion at a young age. Left with the responsibility to take care of my two younger brothers at an early age when my parents passed away. My art was my key to keep all together in challenging times

What about your passion appeals to you the most?

The independence and freedom it provides. I am not imprisoned in a warehouse packing shelves or joining other pathways I have little interest in, to barely fill a fridge and every hour consumed. Slavery did not die. It evolved, not through chains at feet, but into a concrete jungle. It became legalized .My art is my freedom to create an income on my terms in my environment.

What drove you to make money from your passions?

I do not know if it was about choice. It was there, in my pathway. I discovered that selling paintings was a stream of income. With no conflict of being under instruction of any authority figures and taking orders and instructions. I chose a stress free way to sustain my family and myself.

 

When was the first time you got paid for your passion?

I was a teenager and spent my time creating artwork. One-day tourists passed by, totally immersed in the piece, and placed US dollars in my hand. I was thrilled. Dollars converted into a huge amount in my local currency. I even afforded to buy more paints and canvases.

 

What kept you going when you thought about giving up? 

There were many times that I doubted any ability to make more money with my art. I overcame the self-doubt by creating and sharing my work.

What motivates you each and every day to be even more successful?

Even if I tried to join the nine to five worlds, I know I would not make it. I strived on to keep creating and spreading my work to all regions where there were possible sales. Every region that had markets or stalls for artwork I found a stall owner to display my work and draw in interest and sales.

I am based in a remote village on the outskirts of the city centre, but I prefer to be there. I live close to a popular game reserve that has a multitude of travelers from all over the world. My art is indigenous local Tanzanian authentic that appeals to all those who travel to our country. It gives them memorable artefacts to take back home of a land they will never forget and strive to revisit. My art is one aspect that promotes the thriving economic sector of tourism, so to speak.

What do you have to say to all of the people who doubted you?

I can only share my well wishes that they gain success in their pathways as I have found my passion and I am keeping to it.

What advice do you give to aspiring creative is who look up to you?

I advise them to follow their dreams and never give up. Look at all possibilities and find the one that works for you.


Find or Be Found……….

 

Welcome ExploreMotherlandAfrica

More about expeditions in Madagascar

Fast Fascinating Facts about Madagascar

  • Rainforests and the incredible animals.

Parc National de L’Isalo is one of the country’s most spectacular regions, perfect for overnight hikes, rock-hopping along cool canyons and spotting lemurs.  It’s best to visit during the cooler months (April to October) when the bizarre patchy podiums and periwinkles are in flower on the rock faces and walking is more comfortable.

“Parc national de l’Isalo”
  • Tribute to Ancestors

The Sakalava people used to bury their dead in caves high up on cliff faces. Spread across 152,000 hectares, the Tsingy de Bemaraha Strict Nature Reserve has amazing forests, lakes and mangrove swamps, home to a variety of rare and endangered birds and lemurs. With gorges, rivers, and Ancient cemeteries Tsingyis a must visit.

 

Madagascar People
But Madagascar isn't all just animals and conservation.  
  • Madagascar Soul History

There’s a lot of history going on down as well. Ambohimanga is one of the summer palaces of the old Malagasy royal family. Antananarivo, or Tana, has a distinctively French flavor: The city is built on three levels.

 

Dominating the city is the Queen’s Palace and associated Royal Village or Rova. Now a national monument, it was once the residence of the Merina Dynasty which, in the 19th century, united all Madagascar for the first time.

There are the museums d’Andafiavaratra and the archaeology museum. On the lowest level is the market said to bee the second-largest in the world. The birthplace of the Malagasy state. Ambohimanga is known as ‘the blue city’, ‘the holy city’ and ‘the forbidden city’. The citadel was an important Merina stronghold and its main gate is an enormous stone disc; 40 men were needed to roll it into position.

Madagascar Museums

Or else you can check out the old pirate colony island of Ile St Marie. Its dense vegetation and the difficulty of navigating the lagoons which surround it made it an ideal base for pirates and, later, a colony for convicts.

There are many clove plantations and several historic sites, including Madagascar’s oldest Catholic church. It’s the perfect destination for those who just want to relax.  You can snorkel, sunbathe and overindulge on coconut rum punches.

  • Feel and Taste Madagascar

Buy cinnamon, vanilla and coconut oil from the local children, sip fiery ti-punch and sample the most delicious freshly-caught seafood or sit under a palm tree on a white sandy beach. There’s whale-watching in July and August, and the amazing spiny forest along the road just north of Mangilly is well worth a look.With coral reefs just offshore, sea breezes whispering in the casuarina trees and a relaxed tropical ambiance, who wants to go home?

Malagasy soothing tunes (myspace.com/tambatra) by our  conttributor glamorous soul sister from Madagascar  (myspace.com/tambatra myspace.com/tambatra1)

Getting around Madagascar

Check this out. Air Madagascar, serves numerous destinations throughout the country, which is a good thing considering that many roads have huge potholes and are impassable in the rainy season. Flights are still relatively inexpensive and they offer a 50% discount on domestic flights to passengers using the airline to travel to Madagascar.

The taxi-be, which is quick and comfortable, and the bush taxi, which is cheaper, slower, makes more stops and generally operates on cross-country routes. Fares should be agreed in advance. It is a flat fee. Alternatively, you can go via bus bonus a flat rate is charged irrespective of the distance traveled. Alternatively, take the House-pousse – the rickshaw.

If you are feeling adventurous, you can grab a stagecoach. A few covered wagons continue to take passengers. Otherwise, you can hire a car or motorbike. You will need a national driving license, and remember they drive on the right-hand side.

Or you can catch a train! Only if you have a lot of time. The Malagasy railway network dates from the colonial period, so breakdowns are frequent, a line may be closed for several weeks.

However, there is nothing to beat messing around in boats. Madagascar has a strong maritime tradition. Ferries sail between the islands. You can travel between coastal villages in dugout canoes known as Pirogues or Lakana. You can also hire Dhows and larger cargo boats.

And if you want to bareboat, a “guide” is usually included in the price of the yacht charter. He will cook, guide you, and protect the boat. A yacht charter to Madagascar is a bit of a “Robinson Crusoe” adventure. Once you embark, you cannot provision again and must live off the fish and seafood you will catch for yourself (or with your guide). So get a good one.

Madagascar is a great place to tour by bike and staying in small towns and villages along the way gives a real sense of what the country is all about. A mountain bike or heavy-duty tourer at least is required as the roads can be in poor to terrible condition.

Generally, there is little to no traffic, which makes cruising a great escapade. The people are amazingly friendly and you will be greeted with crowds of children shouting ‘Vazaha’. There are little or no facilities for cyclists, so be prepared to camp rough (ask if it is somebody’s land and never too near a family grave) or sleep in very basic guesthouses. Though you will generally be invited to stay in people’s houses. Bring a spare tire, puncture kit, chain, brake/gear cable, derailleur, and all the tools you need.

Remember that the law is that the ‘tour’ operators have to have a contract with you with all the details on it including the route. The police do check on this and it protects the tourists.

All visitors must have visas, except for citizens of some African countries. Proof of return ticket is required otherwise a deposit must be paid before arriving in Madagascar, which is equivalent to the cost of a flight to the country of origin. And if you come from Africa, you must have a yellow fever vaccination certificate.

  • Fast Facts 

  • Currency -Malagasy Ariary (MGA) Us dollars needs to be declared on arrival. There are currency restrictions
  • Electrical Power is 127V/220V, RUNNING AT 50Hz.
  • Languages Spoken : Malagasy, French, English
  • Time Zones – GMT/UTC +3:
  • Country Dialing Code +261:
  • Hot and subtropical climate, colder in the mountains.
  • Rainy season: November to March.
  • Dry season: April to October.
  • Monsoon season is December to March.
.. And when you've had 16 tracks of Malagasy hospitality, the last thing you'll be feeling is lonely - except perhaps when you arrive back home.

 

SAFARI – Manyara National PARK, SERENGETI, Ngorongoro Crater, SAADANI National Park

 

Join us for the ultimate experience in Tanzania. Journey on an expedition of a lifetime! We start off in  Manyara National park, wander through the infamous Serengeti, pass through Ngorongoro Crater and Saadani National Park where 'bush meets the beach', easing into island relaxation in Zanzibar.  
 



The Itinerary


 Day 1

We take off from Dar es Salaam in early morning hours.

We get breakfast as we head towards the northern highlands of Tanzania to the charming town called Arusha, where we spend the night and get ready to launch into a Safari experience of a lifetime.

Day 2

Manyara National Park

A drive from Arusha to Manyara National park will take approximately two hours. A fascinating unique feature is that in  Lake Manyara National park has a rare feature of lions that climb trees freely.

Lake Manyara is a soft introduction to the Safari journey ahead with scenic beauty, game views, flamingos baboons elephants, a breathtaking lake that takes up most of the park, leaving a land strip of game concentration.

Day 3-4

Starting with a game drive through Ngorongoro, we reach the National Park that is world renowned, Serengeti. The wildebeest migration fame, open plains, an exceptional full game drive Serengeti National Park- Oldest game reserve in Tanzania.

 

Day 5

We take off to Ngorongoro Crater for a full game day

Day 6 and 7

We head off to Saadani National Park that is created in the historic triangle of Bagamoyo, Zanzibar, and Pangani. The Tanzania Wildlife sanctuary bordering the sea with a combination of marine flora in a fascinating setting, there are thirty species of mammals and numerous birds and reptiles in a preserved ecosystem including the Wami River, Mkwaja ranch, and Zaraninge forest.

Day 8

Boat Safari in Saadani River Wami for two hours, we finally head off back to Dar es Salaam and take to ferry to Zanzibar.

Day 9-12

Ferry to Zanzibar. In Zanzibar get barefoot on sands of the sea or lay back under the sun, dive  .dhow ride.snorkellinging or kayaking. This is relaxing breakaway on Zanzibar beaches after a magnificent escapade of a Safari in the motherland of  Tanzania.

South Africa’s Cultural Soul – The roots of Township Tours

South Africa – few can rival South African soul in the townships. Today we explore Kwa-Zulu Natal.  Walking the paths of some of the greatest leaders.

It’s another world and another time. This is part of the old Africa, where the amaZulu ruled unchallenged, a place of beaded headdresses and rawhide shields, beehive huts, and a lifestyle that properly belongs to the great age of Shaka.

Gain an insight into the amaZulus’ traditional way of life their beliefs, crafts, songs and dances at Shakaland, the open-air museum near Eshowe.

This is the oldest town in Zululand. Shakaland is also the oldest Zulu Cultural Village in Zululand, originally built as a scenery for the movie “Shaka Zulu”.

It’s been converted into a Zulu homestead with thatched beehive houses arranged in a circle around the central cattle kraal. Visitors stay in beehive houses, with all the modern conveniences.

 

The village overlooking the Umhlatuze Lake offers the true Zulu cultural experience and traditions, including pottery, beadwork, beer making and tasting as well as magnificent foot-stomping, ground shaking demonstrations of traditional Zulu dance.

Assegai-wielding warriors will teach you how to fight. You can also witness the age-old methods of making spears and shields, skills that are to a large extent disappearing. This is one of the few men who still know how to make the broad stabbing spear introduced by King Shaka. A memorable part of the tour is the spear throwing and stick-fighting demonstrations.

The  Memorable Adventures of Zululand

Kwa-Zulu Natal

The Kwa-Zulu Natal province is rooted in the legacy of the Zulu nation. There are ample opportunities to explore the fascinating world of the Zulu’s.

There are many private as well as provincial game reserves showcasing the abundance of biodiversity in the region.  You get an authentic safari experience and a historical viewpoint through the battlefield routes of the historical town, Vryheid which has  tea plantations and cattle ranches.

The Battlefields Route is significant as it was is where there were historical clashes between Zulu,  Brit, and Boer (farmer). The Kwa Zulu Natal battlefield region extends from Thukela river at Dolphin coast to Richards Bay further in the north to Paulpietersburg.

Paulpietersburg is 50hm to the north and links the inland of South Africa with the coast of  Zululand. This town is widely known for sulfur springs and therapeutic spas.

The major attractions are Zulu culture, birdlife, and many nature and game reserves.

Zulu culture is all over South Africa, but not as poignant as the Zulu kingdom.

Visitors can feel and taste true Zulu hospitality in dance, food, and song. There is an opportunity to become part of authentic Zulu weddings, assist with chores in the village and even visit a local sangoma (traditional healer).

You can take an ox-wagon visit to the Zulu beehive huts. Or even explore local shebeens, traditional medicine outlets. You get to learn how locals adapt age-old traditions into modern living.

 

  • A Zululand heritage experience is by stopping at Melmoth ‘where the legend King Shakas was born ‘the Valley of Kings’
  • The Emakhosini Valley is the site of graves of many Zulu Kings
  • The Zululand Birding Route has 650 recorded species of birds. The Dlinza Nature Reserve is a popular spot for birding.
  • Vast nature and game reserves from subtropical forest reserves  along the coast as well as game reserves further north

The biggest attraction in the KZN region is Hluhluwe-Imfolozi Park.

It is the oldest in Africa and home to the famous big 5 in Africa. Rhinos, drive game lions, elephants, buffalos and leopards. There are self-drive game as well as guided walks.

 

Wilderness trails provide an intimate experience in the bush

End the Zululand expedition round off will be Richards Bay. The large town boasts a stunning scenery of the wetland.

 

Welcome to Motherland Africa......

 

Strolls and sightings in Africa – Travel Adventures in Zimbabwe and Zambia

Motherland Africa –  Zambia and Zimbabwe

The majestical journey to Zimbabwe is engraved in a superb tradition where hospitality reigns supreme.

Twenty years ago Zimbabwe was the richest country in Africa with tourism as a major industry.

Zimbabwe’s political stature led to it become one of the poorest, with an inflation rate that is the highest in the world. People used to call it the breadbasket of the continent, but after a while, no food was available even for those that had mountains of money.

Once upon a time, it was the continent’s breadbasket but eventually there was no food available, even for those stacked with mountains of money.

Nowadays many may be reluctant to consider exploring Zimbabwe. No worries if the feeling of uncertainty is there, Zambia shares many of the same attractions.

The tourists’ attraction focus is the great Zambezi River. It forms a natural boundary between Zimbabwe and Zambia.

Zambezi River

The Zambezi  River is a river system that is the fourth largest in Africa. It runs through six countries. All starts off with a  little spring in the Mwinilunga District in the northwest part of Zambia.

This is close to the  Zambian,  Zaire and Angola borders. This spring bubbles between roots of trees and eventually becomes a mighty river that carves the magnificent Victoria Falls.

The  Zambezi is a calm flow forward, then it builds speed racing headlong in a tumble downwards in hundreds of feet becoming a  natural world wonder then it zig-zags through  Batoka Gorge.  Energy is then captured and it is converted into a hydroelectric form of power by the Kariba Dam, and further down into the  Mozambique CaboraBassa dam.

The Zambezi river flows into  Kariba Dam for 281 kilometers. It is 40 kilometers wide at one point. It heads north from the dam wall,  then back east until it is flanked by Lower Zambezi National Park, located in Zambia, and the  Mana Pools National Park located in Zimbabwe. This zone supports one of the most important wilderness areas in Africa.

 

After the confluence of Luangwa, Zambezi River flows into Mozambique to the  Indian Ocean. The best family holiday to venture on anyhow and anywhere is a  houseboat located on Kariba.  If you prefer game viewing or fishing or even just chilling with drinks on the deck it is one magical experience that is unforgettable.

In 1960 after the building of the largest dam, Kariba, it evolved into a popular visiting place with activities like swimming,  fishing, boating, and game viewing.

Eventually, all the experiences were combined into the houseboat introduction.

A perfect way to appreciate vast water, islands, distinct trees that are half submerged and islands from a comfortable houseboat!

It takes you to

  • Matusodona Game Park,
  • Charra Bay
  • Spurwing Island
  • Gache Gache Communal Land
  • Fothergill Island

Kariba, the name originates from ‘Kariva’,  a  term that means ‘trap’. This refers a rock that jutted out from the wild, swirling entrance gorge waters!

That rock is currently a hundred meters below water. Legends name the rock the great river god, Nyaminyami’s home. Anyone that came a bit too close got sucked into the river depths!

On a search for adventure? There is an upstream cruise to  Victoria Falls, an adventure to last a lifetime.

Mosi-oa-Tunya (the smoke that thunders), only became known to the Western world as Victoria Falls after David Livingstone discovered it in 1855. It took many thousands of years for erosion to create the magnificent natural wonder. The falls are much taller and longer than Niagara Falls.

Many assume that Zimbabwe is a better view of the Victoria Falls, however, keep in mind that  David Livingstone, the well-known explorer discovered the Victoria Falls from Zambia.

He had heard about the sacred site for tribes like the Batoka. Finally, Livingstone, paddled by the  Chief Sekeletu of the Makololo to an island in the center of the Zambezi,  called the  Livingstone Island currently. The water was low but there was a tremor of fear as he approached the wall spray.

If the choice is Zambia you get to stay in a charming town, Livingstone, a popular base for travelers on a venture to experience the Victoria Falls.

There is bungee jumping,  high adrenaline adventures.  Then there is white water rafting in the Zambezi and even riverboarding, where you get to surf upstream.

If you stay in Livingstone on the Zambia side, the Upper Zambezi Canoe Safari is a great way to experience the river and see the scenery along the shores.

The Victoria Falls stay should include an unforgettable flight over the 7th Natural Wonder of the World. Soar high up with eagles and experience the sight from above!

Great Zimbabwe has many ancient ruins built in the 13th and 14th centuries, a UNESCO World Heritage site since the year 1986.

Great Zimbabwe Ruins- Unesco World Heritage site

The Zambian flag features the national bird of Zambia, the Fish Eagle. red, black, orange and a green background

Welcome to motherland Africa!

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ONLY IN TANZANIA – PART 2

The Journey Continues – Endemic and Endangered in  the heart of motherland Africa – Tanzania

Why Safari in Tanzania? The question pounded on. My journey, my search continued.

 

I clearly affirmed in Exploring the splendor of Tanzania – ‘Journey into all dimensions delving into the mystics and wonders of the heart of ‘Motherland Africa’ Tanzania.

My personal quest launched:


Ocean City Garden

Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
We are situated on the road between three major hotels Sunrise, Kipepeo, and South Beach in Kigamboni , a fifteen minute ferry ride from Dar es Salaam. A walkaway to the beach we are ready to welco...

10 Endemic Primates in Tanzania

  1. Rondo Dwarf Galago

    Rondo Dwarf Galago

Arkive species - Rondo dwarf galago (Galagoides rondoensis) These are rare and highly endangered animals found only in Tanzania. They weigh 60 grams and they continue to decline in threatened forests.The Rondo Dwarf Galago is classified into 25 of the most endangered species in the whole world.

The animal is losing its habitat due to forest fires and deforestation. This particular species has no conservation program to maintain them and few Tanzanians know of their existence.

2. Mountain Dwarf Galago

Mountain Dwarf galagoes are found in the Udzungwa Mountain National Park, the Udzungwa scarp forest reserve in Tanzania as well as Taiti Hills forest reserve Kenya. Their main threat is loss of habitat due to deforestation and conversion of the land for agriculture.

3. Zanzibar Red Colobus

Arkive species - Kirk’s red colobus (Procolobus kirkii) Endemic to Zanzibar (Unguja), they are mainly found in the southeast, Jozani Chwaka Bay National Park as well as the agricultural area in the south. In Mangrove swamps and coral thickets in the southwest.

4. Abbots duiker

A large forest antelope found exclusively in Tanzanian Forest Mountains. They are called ‘Minde’ in the local language Kiswahili. This antelope is a rare Duiker in  Africa.

Due to hunting and deforestation, it is endangered  and is under protection of private and national companies

They are located in the humid, high sections of the Kilimanjaro, Usambara Mountains,  the Ilole forest as well as the Rubeho Mountains. They can also be located in the  high evergreen peaks of  forest hills

5.  Pemba Flying Fox (ARKive)

Arkive species - Pemba flying fox (Pteropus voeltzkowi) The Pemba flying fox is one of the highly endangered species in the country of Tanzania.

The Pemba flying fox is a highly endangered in Tanzania. It is a large bat that weighs between 400 to 650 grams. It feeds on  flowers and fruits and  lives in the forests, mangroves, and graveyards

Found on in Tanzania on Pemba island, when the population in Pemba grew the species subsided. The population is now increasing as they are learning to adapt and live near people

6.The Desperate shrew

 

This species, rare small located in the  Udzungwe Mountains southern The rare small animal, the shrew, is disappearing due to deforestation in these areas. They are found in only in the ideal climate of Tanzania.

7. Gray-faced Sengi(ARKive).

Arkive species - Grey-faced elephant-shrew (Rhynchocyon udzungwensis) Grey-faced elephant-shrew are larger than other shrews and are sparse in color with glossy stiff fur.

8.The Kipunji(ARKive)

Arkive species - Kipunji (Rungwecebus kipunji) The Kipunji is an  Old World monkey species that living in  Highland Tanzania forests. The kipunji  ‘honk-bark’ call , distinguishing it from  close relatives.

9.The Sanje Mangabey (ARKive)

Arkive species - Sanje mangabey (Cercocebus sanjei) The Sanje mangabey is an endangered Old World monkey of the white-eyelid mangabey Tanzania group. They are 5 to 65 centimeters in length and weighs about seven to nine kilograms, they are greyish in color. They live forests on ground-dwelling and are threatened by poaching and to hunting.

10. Demon African Mole Rat (Mammals of Tanzania)

Mammals of Tanzania

The demon mole rat is solitary. communicates seismically to other mole rats and predators by head banging its burrow.

 

 

There are numerous issues affecting the conservation of animals in Tanzania. These are inclusive of poverty and education, wildlife and human health, the growth of the population, pressures of sustainable development, the planning of land use, financial and technical capacity. These issues need engagement for any conservation programs to help Tanzania conserve an extraordinary environment and wildlife sector.

  • the Coastal Forests of Eastern Africa(CEPF)
  • The Eastern Arc Forests (WWF)
  • Eastern Afromontane (CEPF)

Species are under several threats including fragmentation and habitat loss, conflict, natural resource management that is unsustainable and hunting. The climate changes have a negative effect on the biodiversity in Tanzania as well.

Welcome to Tanzania.  Explore the unknown. Join the Journey! Coming soon ‘Only in Tanzania’ – Part three. #EXPLOREMOTHERLANDAFRICA

 

 

 

 

 

 

Only in Tanzania : All About the Ethnic Tribes of Tanzania

Tanzania on the tip of cultural tourism

When people talk about the continent of Africa, you will always hear about vast scenic landscapes, safari game drives, and the wildlife.
Undoubtedly, these are synonymous with the continent of Africa.But there is much more.....another slice of life filled with rich cultures,  enlightenment, and traditions that span over many years.

 

All about the people of Tanzania

Tanzania is rich in cultural diversity. There are approximately 120 Tanzanian ethnic groups. Then there are immigrants from the rest of the world as well.

The native tribes are predominantly of Bantu origin and represent 95% of the inhabitants in Tanzania.

Then there are Nilotic speakers and hunter-gatherer descendants.  Europeans, Asians, and Arabs consist of below 1 %. Each ethnic group has a unique language, culture, and social structure.

The largest of the ethnic groups are the Sukuma. They represent approximately 13% of the Tanzania population. The other groups each represent less than 5 %. Ethnicity reflects geographic areas.

Tanzania has never had inter- ethnic conflicts in contrast to other parts of Africa. The main reason could be that Tanzania has many groups of which none predominates. Ethnic identities have weakened over decades,

Two of the largest ethnic groups are culturally and linguistically related.  These are the Sukuma and Nyamwezi in the western part of Tanzania.

Sukuma

Largest ethnic group in Tanzania.The Sukuma are the people of the ‘North'. They are in the northwestern part of Tanzania concentrated on the Lake Victoria southern shores. The Sukuma language has Niger-Congo roots
Sukuma

“The wind does not break a tree that bends” – Sukuma proverb 

Nyamwezi

The Nyamwezi are the second largest ethnic group in Tanzania.They are an ethnic group that migrated from Central Africa.Their ancestral homeland is in the Tabora Region, Shinyanga Region, Singida Region and the Katavi Region. Nyamwezi is Swahili in origin translating into "people of the moon" and also means"people of the west". 


 
Chagga
From the southern Mount Kilimanjaro slopes in the north east of Tanzania, the Chagga are the third largest of ethnic groups in Tanzania. They believe in integrating hardships as building blocks off success  and speak three dialects
chagga

Chagga Proverb
Swahili: Usipopata taabu hujawa mtu.
English :Suffering is prior to attaining success or perfection.

Hadzabe tribe

The Hadzabe tribe lives remotely in caves apart from other people around Lake Eyasi. 
Hadzabe's, also called  'Hadza’s' are Africa hunter-gatherers. The Hadza wanderers  do not keep livestock or even grow food. They wander in groups. Each day starts with bows and arrows ,hunting and foraging fruits and veggies.
Hadzabe
Iraqw tribe

The Iraqw, of cushitic origin are located in the Mbulu highlands. They are withdrawn group that grows their own food and tend cattle.They avoid selling animals or crops unless it is crucial.
Haya 
Located in the Kagera,Tanzania.The Haya language is a Bantu language dialect. Originally known to be skilled metal workers. The modern age of Haya people are cultivators.Traditionally the Haya lived in dwelling in a shape of a beehive without any walls but thatched from the roof to the ground.
  1. Mtowa Mbu are from the  Lake Manyara, a diverse Arusha tribe in the entrance to the Manyara national park. Visitors get to see local produce from palm oil, baskets, papyrus mats and banana beers . 
    Visiting the Wakurya Boma from in the west of Serengeti brings an experience of the traditional Wakurya lifestyles and food with traditional dancing and even possible traditional healer visits.
  2. Maasai                                                                  A Nilotic ethnic group that is native to Kenya and Tanzania. They are mainly herders. The  Maasai culture has remained unaltered involving a rich oral songs and literature .
  3. Masaai
    The Digo                                                                A Muslim tribe living in the north of Tanzania and east of Kenya,they are concentrated on the Northern Tanzania coastal strip on  Pangani River fertile plains  between the Indian Icean and Usambara Mountains. Fishing, farming and trading are main income sources.The Digo are talented in song storytelling and song rituals  .

 

Other Tanzanian Tribes-

Makonde, Kwaya, Gweno, Hehe, Ha, Ikoma, Mande, Akiek, Kamba, Alagwa, Gorowa, Balouch, Bembe, Kisi, Kutu, Kwavi, Luo, Luguru, Bende, Magoa,  Dhaiso, Zaramo, Yao, Zulu, Zinza, Zyoba Ware, Timbuka, Wanda Zigula, Swahili, Tutsi Twa, Vinza Nyaturu, Nindi Ngoni, Kerewe, Ndonde,Kimbu and many more.


Karibu ! Welcome to Tanzania…..

 

ONLY IN TANZANIA! PART ONE: Why choose Tanzania as a travel destination?

Recently in a conversation with an eager traveler on the lookout for the best Safari, I was asked, why Tanzania?  A good Safari is just that, anywhere. I could not answer him. It was not a single line answer for a short conversation.  I thought about it for several days........What will you get 'Only in Tanzania'. What are the unique aspects of Tanzania?

Why travel to Tanzania?


Why choose to safari in Tanzania? Well, it is the beginning of creation?

Why ? I embarked on a journey to gather myriads of reasons. And there are much more. An eternal series.

There is so much unique to ‘just Tanzania’. We have birds, trees, fish, mammals and even butterflies that you will see only in Tanzania!

Let’s talk about Tanzania.

As I clearly spelt out in ‘Exploring the splendor of Tanzania’, my echo continues ………….

‘Journey into all dimensions delving into the mystics and wonders of the heart of ‘Motherland Africa’: Tanzania

On a general  fact and  figures note :
We have the mainland, previously known as  ‘Tanganyika’  just after Independence when it merged with Zanzibar and became known as Tanzania.
  • Tanzania, the mainland together with the island of Pemba and Zanzibar cover  945,200 sq.km.
  • The agricultural country Tanzania has 40 million hectares of arable land
  •  It is abundant in natural resources including minerals, flora, and fauna.
  • The Ngorongoro Crater (3,647 meters) is  the largest in the entire world and has the largest concentration of animal species
  • Lake Tanganyika is second deepest and  the longest and second deepest lake in the world
  • Kilimanjaro is the highest mountain in Africa
  •  Lake Victoria the second largest lake in the world.
  • There are also other lakes such as Lake Nyasa, Lake Rukwa, Lake Eyas and Lake Natron that pieces up the inland water to 60,000 sq.km
  • Tanzania has  coastal line of that is unbroken for approximately 800 kilometers. The ideal beach getaway.
  • Tanzania portions part of biodiversity spots:

  • the Coastal Forests of Eastern Africa(CEPF)
  • Eastern Afromontane (CEPF)
  • The Eastern Arc Forests (WWF)
  • aCoastal East Africa (FEOW)
  • World’s three richest lakes for endemic freshwater fish species

  • Lake Victoria (FEOW)
  • Lake Tanganyika(FEOW)
  • Lake Malawi (FEOW).
Lake Victoria

All you can find in Tanzania and nowhere else!

citizen report announced that 27  new endemic species of animals were discovered, exclusive to Tanzania. Not anywhere else in the world but in Tanzania’s the Eastern Arc Mountains.

The biological potential was an instant qualification to the UNESCO list of World Heritage Sites.

Scientists from the Italian Science Museum advocating range inclusion in the Unesco list spent an entire decade surveying the mountains in Tanzania. Twenty-seven  vertebrate species were found in the forests new to  science and fourteen other species discovered that were unknown before

UdzungwaMountains forests in the south-central of Tanzania,  researchers found a multitude species whose confined to the Eastern Arc mountain range,  A curious chameleon species was of three newly discovered reptiles belonging to genus Kinyongia. A Mahege Mountains discovery.

The geologically ancient mountains and forests persistence of forests for millions of years result in extraordinary living forms.

It is an important site existing in Africa for vertebrate forms. Some of these species are one hundred million years old and are evidence of forest stability and unique evolutionary history of the mountains.

Red Colobus Monkey

We have a list of mammal and tree species endemic to Tanzania, and probably much more will be discovered.

Explore Motherland Africa – Tanzania will continue posts in the  ‘ Only in Tanzania’  stream in a discovery of all the unique features in the heart of The Motherland -Tanzania!

Tanzania butterfly

 

 

 

 

Why Visit Mbeya in Tanzania?

Take a Step Back in Time………..

 Hike up Livingstone Mountain, and visit Mbozi meteorite stones.The 8th largest meteorites in the world dating back thousands of years ago
There are hot water springs and bat caves of a fort 200 years old.
In the south-west of Tanzania, there is a town called Mbeya. Travelling overland from the neighboring land of Zambia, this is the first urban settlement you will see.
Mbeya is a major transit and trade junction between Zambia, Malawi and Tanzania.

 

Mbeya is a town located in south-west Tanzania. The thriving town of Mbeya sprawls in the  Loleza Peak (2656m) shadow. It is located between the mountain range of Mbeya in the north and the Poroto mountains in the South East.

The scenic lush, mountainous area is a farming region for tea, coffee, walking and cocoa and bananas. The cool climate walking and botanical excursions and scenic viewing of the hills are an undiscovered ‘travel in Tanzania’ destination.

 
Mbeya is a magnificent landscape of Tanzania, a creation of relief forms from African Rift Valley volcanic eruptions, which lies towards the south-west of Dar-es-Salaam.
Mbeya offers a range of activities from safari's, fishing and hiking mountains

There is fresh,pure and clear water in river catchments near the Poroto and Tukutu mountains.
Natural flower gardens make great botanical excursions