Biodiverse Rich Coastal Forest in Tanzania: Pugu Hills

 

Pugu Forest reserve in the Pwani region of Tanzania is adjacent to the Kazimzumbwi Forest Reserve.These forests are considered as the oldest in the world!

There is never a shortage of places to go outside of Dar es Salaam that will take at least four hours of driving, besides the beaches, of course…a great privilege for any city.

A coastal forest reserve situated 20km from Dar es Salaam, Tanzania might not be part of traditional tour routes in Tanzania, yet it attracts a fair number of visits.  Often visited by biologists, it is a  top forest in Africa for bird conservation.

 

A 20-minute drive from the Julius Nyerere airport, the main attractions include a sacred cave of the Zaramo people, a cattle market, and fascinating bat caves, the historical remains of Colonial times including a railway tunnel and  Kaolinite industry an off course, the forest.

 

Kaolin deposits of high quality lie below Pugu Hills in the Kisarawe district. These resources are untapped despite a growing demand worldwide. Local and foreign geologists have confirmed Kaolin deposits of  2.3 billion metric tonnes.

Biodiversity richness is high with a wide range of plants, birds, reptiles, insects, and birds.

There are about fourteen known endemic plants, two endemic mammal species, and an endemic subspecies of birds.  Wildlife includes Masaai giraffes, elephants, impalas, warthogs, Tanzanian cheetahs, Africa leopards, spotted hyenas, mongooses, elephant shrews, galagos, civets, side strapped and black back jackals, and over eighty species of birds as well as bat colonies dwelling in the caves.

 

Welcome #ExploreMotherlandAfrica

 

 

 

Mount Meru: Tanzania cultural tour expeditions- exploring Tengeru

 

Nearby picturesque Mount Meru slopes, the second highest peak in Tanzania, lies Tengeru, 13km from Arusha on the path to Moshi.

It is simply the best base to explore cultural attractions that make up the rich heritage of the Meru tribe in Tanzania.

There are farms, banana fields and traditional homesteads on the mountain. This village near Arusha is distinct in character.

The venture is set forth exploring old coffee farms with local production of the world’s popular beverage with and then canoe into a  volcanic lake at Mount Meru foothills, home to the best birdwatching and fishing sites.

Ready to give back to communities around Kilimanjaro? Volunteer programs are on offer at all local schools in the surrounds of Mount Kilimanjaro, venture out and discover development and upliftment projects in the Tengeru Community.

Tengeru Activities

Coffee Tour

One of the major highlights in Tengeru is enjoying special home-brewed coffee with the locals.

The coffee plantations in Tengeru journey leads curiosity ventures into local homes and lessons to prepare coffee. The tour offers specially harvested coffee from the Meru community on volcanic Mout Meru foothills.

Lake Duluti Safari Tours

A close view of vegetation in Tengeru with an abundance of fauna and flora at the lakeside. Learn about mystical Meru legends and mysteries linked to Lake Duluti. Get a front seat view of birds, monkeys, reptiles, many other animals, and plants.

This tour will give you an up-close view of Tengeru’s vegetation and you will able to admire the abundant lakeside fauna and flora. You can learn about the Meru legends linked to the lake and its mysteries while getting a front-row viewing of the monkeys, birds, reptiles and many other animals whilst learning about our plant life. A magical destination of authentic traditional roots.

Tengeru Market Tour

The colorful community market, interact live and eat amongst the locals. The busiest market days are Wednesdays and Saturday

Conservation programs in Tengeru

Environment programs in a land rich with vegetation. A source of survival. The main issue is deforestation threatening ecology and the community. Participate in environmental programmes and enjoy a luscious waterfalls tour relaxing in nature marvels

Forest Tours at Mount Meru

The second highest mountain in Tanzania m Mount Meru boasts beautiful forests. Unwind and enjoy magnificence. It is a great destination for preparing for Mount Kilimanjaro expeditions

Walk through the forests of Tanzania’s second-highest mountain.

"Mringaringa" Tour

A traditional gathering place, “Mringaringa”. Listen to the wisdom of thrilling Meru culture and traditional dancing. This venue is also used for settling disputes in the community with presiding Meru elders.

Local Food Preparation and Traditional Dances

Soul soothing music and food celebrations with traditional dancing guarantee a worthwhile experience.

Welcome #ExploreMotherlandAfrica

 

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Take a step a few centuries back: Tanzanian Kilwa Kisiwani (isle of fish)

Welcome to Kilwa Kisiwani, a once upon a time a burgeoning empire, the most powerful and the biggest on the coast of East Africa. The ruins offer insight into once upon a time, labyrinth pathways, majestic mosques and grand palaces. 

A journey into the historic Kilwa is a discovery of incredible walls of wealth.  It may be away from usual tourist pathways, but offers magnificence outlook of living in past centuries.

The city reaching the shore is surrounded by walls and towers of about 12000 inhabitants. The luxurious setting of tree, gardens, every type of vegetable, and the best lemons. citrons and sweetest oranges ever.

The Kilwa isle – A  World Heritage Site

The Island of Kilwa, centuries ago, had trade routes ignited with its abundance of wealth. By the 20th century, it became uninhabited and forgotten. Foreigners and locals had no interest in the Tanzanian coastal ruins.

Around the 1950s,  Portuguese and Arabs, excavated the site to find objects of authenticity.  They succeeded in collecting coins dating back in time. The unique history of Kilwa is currently recognized as a treasure of Swahili history. In the year 1981, it was declared a World Heritage Site.

The Kilwa creation beginnings

The Kilwa Sultanate empire all started in the 10th century, Ali ibn al Hassan, the son of an Abyssinian slave and Emir of Shiraz was caught in a battle of inheritance with six other brothers.

Ali fled, settling on the island of Kilwa that was inhabited by indigenous Bantu dwellers. He began to construct his very own city.  According to legend, he bought Kilwa from the local King, who exchanged the island for enough cloth that would encircle the entire island.

By the time the king changed his mind, Ali already destroyed the bridge connecting Kilwa to the mainland and secured it for himself.

The ruling of Ali Shirazi continued until the year 1277 when the succession crisis led to Mahdali sultans taking over.The first three centuries there were many buildings like the Great Mosque that was started in 1100 and expanded.

Sixteen domes and ornate rooms of arches and pillars made an astonishing complex. When the Morrocan traveler Ibn Battuta visited the island in 1331 he was struck by the splendor of the mosque.

There are smaller mosques scattered all across Kilwa each with distinct features.

The isles ruin date back to the 14th century and early 15th century. Kilwa was a mercantile capital and the wealthy residents built extravagant coral dwellings.

A sultan is alleged to be buried in one of four tombs of the Great house. The triangular robust Makutini Palace was built in the 15th century.

A fortress on the island, Gereza, has wooden portals and elegant crenellation.  The striking ‘Husuni Kubwa’ ( Queen’s house) is perched on a cliff a mile away from the cluster of ruins.  It is said to be the largest pre-colonial Sub Saharan building. There is an 18 dome mosque, vast  hall, courtyards and swimming pool/ The complex has over 100 rooms

 The most powerful city on the East African coast the empire stretches from the north to the south from Kenya to Mozambique.

Ships brought in Arabian quarts, china porcelain, Indian carnelians and ivory and gold from Great Zimbabwe. Spices and perfume filled the air with tortoise shells and pottery in the market. It was the gateway between Asia and Africa.

There are three areas on the Tanzanian coast to add to an itinerary of colorful historic adventures and explore the ruins that go centuries back in time.

  • Kilwa Kisiwani
  • Kilwa Kivinje
  • Kilwa Masoko.

Kilwa Kisiwani

Remnants of extraordinary palaces, ancient tombs and crumbling mosques, the abandoned city of Kilwa Kisiwani is one of the main attractions on the isle.

Kilwa Kivinje

A little town on the mainland it was the center of slave trade in the south. Although slave trade was outlawed in 1873 it is said to have continued until 1880. Made into an administrative center when Germans occupied,

Travellers can explore World War One cannon leftovers as well as a market hall. There is an attractive beach with fisherman provide authentic insight of Tanzania.

Kilwa Masoko

Kilwa Masojo is usually a base when people visit the ruins in Kilwa Kisiwani with pleasant exploration if the Jimbizi Beach.

Welcome #ExploremotherlandAfrica

 

3 Island Escape Getaways in East Africa

Whether you’re looking for giant coconuts or giant tortoises,lush rainforests or cool highlands, wildlife or glowing coral reefs and crossroads cuisine, there is an island in East Africa to suit your taste and budget.

The East coast of Africa is blessed with stunning islands and warm Indian Ocean waters.

Some are sovereign nations, others are unknown secret destinies harboring fantastic natural and cultural treasures.

The palm-lined beaches and luxury resorts are only one aspect of the marvels East Africa island getaways in on the Indian Ocean can offer. There is much more than glossy travel brochures put out. The diverse island explorers and spice merchants have shaped the essence. Africa’s ocean-themed adventures have loads to offer travelers.

The ‘Melting Pot’ of  East Africa Islands

The complicated history of the culturally rich islands of East Africa comes from the strategic bases that they were for over 1000 years.

They served as trade routes between Europe, Arabian Peninsula, and the Indian subcontinent.

Omani traders and Portuguese sailors, merchants and colonials…. , all gravitated to farm sugar cane and spices, trading gold, ivory, and slaves.

This is evident in the 15th century Swahili Lamu ruins, the Shirazi heritage of Zanzibar and historical plantation homes. We see it in Creole cuisine in Mauritius.

The oldest settlement in Kenya is Lamu and shares much with Stonetown in Zanzibar.The muli stories of townhouses with balconies shading the narrow lanes filled with soul-inspired vendors selling delicacies, arts, and crafts in silver and wood.

1. Zanzibar

Tanzania has many adventurous crusades,from beaches, ruins, wildlif,the Mt Kilimanjaro summit and the island of Zanzibar

The age-old living traditions in Zanzibar are a soul rewarding experience.

 

 

Families in Zanzibar gather to snack and promenade in Forodhani Gardens during celebrations and special festive day.

Island Beach bumming and Diving Ventures

Budget-friendly diving on Zanzibar and Pemba offer rewarding dives. Accommodation is suited to budget travelers as well. Good quality in abundance is what you get in Nungwi, Kendwa,  Jambiani, and Paje. Public transport is easy to reach, along streets with delicious, plentiful food.

2. Comoros

Between Madagascar and Mozambique, the Comoros Archipelago has four islands in total. The three main ones that gained independence in 1975 are Grand Canmore, Anjouan, and Mohéli. The fourth one, Mayotte, is still under French rule.

Comoros Islands, a population descended from Malay, African and Arab immigrants.

The culture of Comoros is shaped by Portuguese explorers, Arab traders from Persia and Portugal as well as the French colonizers in the19th century.

An active East Africa volcano is located at the Grande Comore.It erupted in the year 2005 creating a desert landscape offset by turquoise seas and white beaches.

Mohéli island is a major turtle nesting site in East Africa, where you are guaranteed to view turtles.

To escape crowds an experience life at a slow pace plan a getaway to Comoros islands. There are pristine beaches, lush rainforests and beautiful reefs with a fascinating blend of Swahili and Arab culture.

3.Mauritius

The Mauritius archipelago comprises of

  • Mauritius
  • Rodrigues
  • Agaléga
  • St. Brandon.

Two other territories, Tromelin Island and the Chagos Archipelago  are claimed by Mauritius but disputes by Uk and France(1)

Mauritius, a world-class destination combines influences from Africa and Europe. It is famous for beach resorts with amazing coastal shores.

Scuba diving and deep-sea fishing are popular activities. The  forests on the island  provide habitat for the  endemic bird, plant and mammal species

With sophisticated cuisine, nightlife and fishing villages, Mauritius caters for every taste.

4.Seychelles

 

Seychelles is made up of 115 paradise islands it has a small population, is uncrowded.

The idyllic beaches, aquamarine waters offering excellent snorkeling and diving are tourist drawcards.

Rare wildlife range from pelagic seabirds to giant tortoises. The cuisine in Seychelles has a taste from Africa,  a tinge of Asian sensation topped with European settler influences.

The luxury resorts in Seychelles, make it famous for couples on honeymoon.

5. Madagascar

Madagascar located off the Mozambique coast is the fourth largest island in the world.  Boasting unique, fauna and flora, 90 % of the wildlife in Madagascar will not be found anywhere else.

 

 

The most famous are Lemurs.

The lush rainforests, giant baobabs, limestone karsts and isolated islets are a calling for visitors. Activities range from scuba diving to deep-sea fishing and hiking to whale-watching.

Welcome to the biodiversity hotspot of Madagascar, an eco-tourism destination of note for all discerning explorers of world wonders. Dramatic peaks, primordial forests, stony deserts and extinct volcanoes.

Welcome #ExploremotherlandAfrica

 

 

 

Coastal forests – Herbal Healing in Tanzania- Africa

Tanzania's  small,  geographically isolated coastal forests support a huge base of endemic plants and animals.

Herbal Power

Africa is filled with exceptional biological richness with scarce linked studies.

The abundance of benefits of plants that surround us is phenomenal. Additional uses are found continuously.

Let’s talk about the magical plants in Tanzania.

Plants are food as well as natural medicine as well as extracting oils for natural cosmetics for a full healthy system.

Coastal ecosystems in Tanzania were identified by Tanzania scientists in 1989 that needed further study due to their importance and biological richness.

The Frontier Tanzania project provided the manpower and means to catalog a listing importance of plants and trees and provide conservation management recommendations.

The three-year study included

  • Mafia Island Coral Reefs
  • Monsoon Coastal forests
  • Rufiji Delta sediments
  • Mikumi nation park vegetation

Medicinal Plants in Tanzania’s Coastal Forests

The threatened forests of coastal Tanzania have been used by traditional medical practitioners.

There is a growing awareness of the contribution of herbal medicines to facilitate health and welfare of local economies and rural communities.

East Africa’s coastal forests are considered as the most threatened types on the continent of  Africa.(1)

3 Magical Trees in Tanzania

Cariissa Spinarum

Carissa Spinarum

Known as ‘Mtandamboo’ in Kiswahili, the plant is an inspiration source for many communities.

A great food source with medicinal benefits as well, the sweet fruit is a delicacy.  The pulp of the fruit can be used to produce red wine as well.

A traditional cure for diseases every part of the tree, the roots, the leaves, barks, and fruit are used to treat a multitude of diseases.

Headaches, rheumatism. chest complaints, gonorrhea, syphilis, herpes, rabies malaria, hernia, toothache, ulcers, cough, worm infestation, and the list goes on!

In the year 2011, thousands of people flocked to Tanzania to Samunge village for treatment by a Catholic priest against infertility diabetes, hypertension, asthma and cancer and even AIDS.

 

Muaruabaini – The tree that cures 40 diseases

The Neem tree, known by the ”Muarubani tree.”Muarubaini translates to 40. The tree is said to cure 40 different diseases. People have used it for curing cancer, malaria, STDs, typhoid and a wide range of other diseases as well as a natural contraceptive.

The oil extracted from the seeds inserted into the vagina on a regular basis prevents pregnancy. This is an effective birth control method. This should not be used if pregnant as it induces abortion.

Muarubaini

 

Mlonge (Moringa): The magical Tree!

Moringa (Mlonge) tree

Imagine if there was a tree in your backyard full of nutrition, to purify water and take care of medicinal needs?

The magical tree does exist.  The   Moringa oleifera  known as the Clarifier tree, horseradish or drumstick tree. The East Africa name ‘Mother’s best friend sums it up!

Every part of the tree can be used. And it is filled with nutrition.

Most widely used, are immature pods containing vitamins, amino acids, and other nutrients. Raw or prepared like green peas, they make tasty dishes. Edible oil is yielded by the pods, the nutritional value resembles that of olive oil.

The leaves are eaten in salads or vegetable dishes for seasoning or pickles. The leaves can be pounded to clean utensils and walls.

The Bark contains fiber and can be used for tanning. Cooked flowers can be mixed in foods or fried in a batter, They are rich in calcium and potassium

The tree has been used for combatting malnutrition in developing countries on the tropical coast.

The fresh leaves can be cooked, eaten fresh, cooked or dried up and kept for the longer term in powder form.

It contains

  • Calcium
  • Protein
  • Magnesim
  • Vitamin A
  • Iron
  • Vitamin C.

A powerhouse of nutrition moringa has seven times more vitamin c than oranges,  four times more calcium than milk protein and three times more potassium than bananas, four times more vitamin A than carrots

Medicinally it works for treatment and prevention.  Traditional medical practitioners recognize it as having high value for the treatment of tumors. Studies have identified compounds for cancer prevention.

The miraculous tree offers hope, medicinally, nutritionally and economically to many. It has been developed as a supplement and powdered tablets as well

Welcome.  #ExploremotherlandAfrica.

 

SAFARI – Manyara National PARK, SERENGETI, Ngorongoro Crater, SAADANI National Park

 

Join us for the ultimate experience in Tanzania. Journey on an expedition of a lifetime! We start off in  Manyara National park, wander through the infamous Serengeti, pass through Ngorongoro Crater and Saadani National Park where 'bush meets the beach', easing into island relaxation in Zanzibar.  
 



The Itinerary


 Day 1

We take off from Dar es Salaam in early morning hours.

We get breakfast as we head towards the northern highlands of Tanzania to the charming town called Arusha, where we spend the night and get ready to launch into a Safari experience of a lifetime.

Day 2

Manyara National Park

A drive from Arusha to Manyara National park will take approximately two hours. A fascinating unique feature is that in  Lake Manyara National park has a rare feature of lions that climb trees freely.

Lake Manyara is a soft introduction to the Safari journey ahead with scenic beauty, game views, flamingos baboons elephants, a breathtaking lake that takes up most of the park, leaving a land strip of game concentration.

Day 3-4

Starting with a game drive through Ngorongoro, we reach the National Park that is world renowned, Serengeti. The wildebeest migration fame, open plains, an exceptional full game drive Serengeti National Park- Oldest game reserve in Tanzania.

 

Day 5

We take off to Ngorongoro Crater for a full game day

Day 6 and 7

We head off to Saadani National Park that is created in the historic triangle of Bagamoyo, Zanzibar, and Pangani. The Tanzania Wildlife sanctuary bordering the sea with a combination of marine flora in a fascinating setting, there are thirty species of mammals and numerous birds and reptiles in a preserved ecosystem including the Wami River, Mkwaja ranch, and Zaraninge forest.

Day 8

Boat Safari in Saadani River Wami for two hours, we finally head off back to Dar es Salaam and take to ferry to Zanzibar.

Day 9-12

Ferry to Zanzibar. In Zanzibar get barefoot on sands of the sea or lay back under the sun, dive  .dhow ride.snorkellinging or kayaking. This is relaxing breakaway on Zanzibar beaches after a magnificent escapade of a Safari in the motherland of  Tanzania.

ONLY IN TANZANIA – PART 2

The Journey Continues – Endemic and Endangered in  the heart of motherland Africa – Tanzania

Why Safari in Tanzania? The question pounded on. My journey, my search continued.

 

I clearly affirmed in Exploring the splendor of Tanzania – ‘Journey into all dimensions delving into the mystics and wonders of the heart of ‘Motherland Africa’ Tanzania.

My personal quest launched:


Ocean City Garden

Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
We are situated on the road between three major hotels Sunrise, Kipepeo, and South Beach in Kigamboni , a fifteen minute ferry ride from Dar es Salaam. A walkaway to the beach we are ready to welco...

10 Endemic Primates in Tanzania

  1. Rondo Dwarf Galago

    Rondo Dwarf Galago

Arkive species - Rondo dwarf galago (Galagoides rondoensis) These are rare and highly endangered animals found only in Tanzania. They weigh 60 grams and they continue to decline in threatened forests.The Rondo Dwarf Galago is classified into 25 of the most endangered species in the whole world.

The animal is losing its habitat due to forest fires and deforestation. This particular species has no conservation program to maintain them and few Tanzanians know of their existence.

2. Mountain Dwarf Galago

Mountain Dwarf galagoes are found in the Udzungwa Mountain National Park, the Udzungwa scarp forest reserve in Tanzania as well as Taiti Hills forest reserve Kenya. Their main threat is loss of habitat due to deforestation and conversion of the land for agriculture.

3. Zanzibar Red Colobus

Arkive species - Kirk’s red colobus (Procolobus kirkii) Endemic to Zanzibar (Unguja), they are mainly found in the southeast, Jozani Chwaka Bay National Park as well as the agricultural area in the south. In Mangrove swamps and coral thickets in the southwest.

4. Abbots duiker

A large forest antelope found exclusively in Tanzanian Forest Mountains. They are called ‘Minde’ in the local language Kiswahili. This antelope is a rare Duiker in  Africa.

Due to hunting and deforestation, it is endangered  and is under protection of private and national companies

They are located in the humid, high sections of the Kilimanjaro, Usambara Mountains,  the Ilole forest as well as the Rubeho Mountains. They can also be located in the  high evergreen peaks of  forest hills

5.  Pemba Flying Fox (ARKive)

Arkive species - Pemba flying fox (Pteropus voeltzkowi) The Pemba flying fox is one of the highly endangered species in the country of Tanzania.

The Pemba flying fox is a highly endangered in Tanzania. It is a large bat that weighs between 400 to 650 grams. It feeds on  flowers and fruits and  lives in the forests, mangroves, and graveyards

Found on in Tanzania on Pemba island, when the population in Pemba grew the species subsided. The population is now increasing as they are learning to adapt and live near people

6.The Desperate shrew

 

This species, rare small located in the  Udzungwe Mountains southern The rare small animal, the shrew, is disappearing due to deforestation in these areas. They are found in only in the ideal climate of Tanzania.

7. Gray-faced Sengi(ARKive).

Arkive species - Grey-faced elephant-shrew (Rhynchocyon udzungwensis) Grey-faced elephant-shrew are larger than other shrews and are sparse in color with glossy stiff fur.

8.The Kipunji(ARKive)

Arkive species - Kipunji (Rungwecebus kipunji) The Kipunji is an  Old World monkey species that living in  Highland Tanzania forests. The kipunji  ‘honk-bark’ call , distinguishing it from  close relatives.

9.The Sanje Mangabey (ARKive)

Arkive species - Sanje mangabey (Cercocebus sanjei) The Sanje mangabey is an endangered Old World monkey of the white-eyelid mangabey Tanzania group. They are 5 to 65 centimeters in length and weighs about seven to nine kilograms, they are greyish in color. They live forests on ground-dwelling and are threatened by poaching and to hunting.

10. Demon African Mole Rat (Mammals of Tanzania)

Mammals of Tanzania

The demon mole rat is solitary. communicates seismically to other mole rats and predators by head banging its burrow.

 

 

There are numerous issues affecting the conservation of animals in Tanzania. These are inclusive of poverty and education, wildlife and human health, the growth of the population, pressures of sustainable development, the planning of land use, financial and technical capacity. These issues need engagement for any conservation programs to help Tanzania conserve an extraordinary environment and wildlife sector.

  • the Coastal Forests of Eastern Africa(CEPF)
  • The Eastern Arc Forests (WWF)
  • Eastern Afromontane (CEPF)

Species are under several threats including fragmentation and habitat loss, conflict, natural resource management that is unsustainable and hunting. The climate changes have a negative effect on the biodiversity in Tanzania as well.

Welcome to Tanzania.  Explore the unknown. Join the Journey! Coming soon ‘Only in Tanzania’ – Part three. #EXPLOREMOTHERLANDAFRICA

 

 

 

 

 

 

Only in Tanzania : All About the Ethnic Tribes of Tanzania

Tanzania on the tip of cultural tourism

When people talk about the continent of Africa, you will always hear about vast scenic landscapes, safari game drives, and the wildlife.
Undoubtedly, these are synonymous with the continent of Africa.But there is much more.....another slice of life filled with rich cultures,  enlightenment, and traditions that span over many years.

 

All about the people of Tanzania

Tanzania is rich in cultural diversity. There are approximately 120 Tanzanian ethnic groups. Then there are immigrants from the rest of the world as well.

The native tribes are predominantly of Bantu origin and represent 95% of the inhabitants in Tanzania.

Then there are Nilotic speakers and hunter-gatherer descendants.  Europeans, Asians, and Arabs consist of below 1 %. Each ethnic group has a unique language, culture, and social structure.

The largest of the ethnic groups are the Sukuma. They represent approximately 13% of the Tanzania population. The other groups each represent less than 5 %. Ethnicity reflects geographic areas.

Tanzania has never had inter- ethnic conflicts in contrast to other parts of Africa. The main reason could be that Tanzania has many groups of which none predominates. Ethnic identities have weakened over decades,

Two of the largest ethnic groups are culturally and linguistically related.  These are the Sukuma and Nyamwezi in the western part of Tanzania.

Sukuma

Largest ethnic group in Tanzania.The Sukuma are the people of the ‘North'. They are in the northwestern part of Tanzania concentrated on the Lake Victoria southern shores. The Sukuma language has Niger-Congo roots
Sukuma

“The wind does not break a tree that bends” – Sukuma proverb 

Nyamwezi

The Nyamwezi are the second largest ethnic group in Tanzania.They are an ethnic group that migrated from Central Africa.Their ancestral homeland is in the Tabora Region, Shinyanga Region, Singida Region and the Katavi Region. Nyamwezi is Swahili in origin translating into "people of the moon" and also means"people of the west". 


 
Chagga
From the southern Mount Kilimanjaro slopes in the north east of Tanzania, the Chagga are the third largest of ethnic groups in Tanzania. They believe in integrating hardships as building blocks off success  and speak three dialects
chagga

Chagga Proverb
Swahili: Usipopata taabu hujawa mtu.
English :Suffering is prior to attaining success or perfection.

Hadzabe tribe

The Hadzabe tribe lives remotely in caves apart from other people around Lake Eyasi. 
Hadzabe's, also called  'Hadza’s' are Africa hunter-gatherers. The Hadza wanderers  do not keep livestock or even grow food. They wander in groups. Each day starts with bows and arrows ,hunting and foraging fruits and veggies.
Hadzabe
Iraqw tribe

The Iraqw, of cushitic origin are located in the Mbulu highlands. They are withdrawn group that grows their own food and tend cattle.They avoid selling animals or crops unless it is crucial.
Haya 
Located in the Kagera,Tanzania.The Haya language is a Bantu language dialect. Originally known to be skilled metal workers. The modern age of Haya people are cultivators.Traditionally the Haya lived in dwelling in a shape of a beehive without any walls but thatched from the roof to the ground.
  1. Mtowa Mbu are from the  Lake Manyara, a diverse Arusha tribe in the entrance to the Manyara national park. Visitors get to see local produce from palm oil, baskets, papyrus mats and banana beers . 
    Visiting the Wakurya Boma from in the west of Serengeti brings an experience of the traditional Wakurya lifestyles and food with traditional dancing and even possible traditional healer visits.
  2. Maasai                                                                  A Nilotic ethnic group that is native to Kenya and Tanzania. They are mainly herders. The  Maasai culture has remained unaltered involving a rich oral songs and literature .
  3. Masaai
    The Digo                                                                A Muslim tribe living in the north of Tanzania and east of Kenya,they are concentrated on the Northern Tanzania coastal strip on  Pangani River fertile plains  between the Indian Icean and Usambara Mountains. Fishing, farming and trading are main income sources.The Digo are talented in song storytelling and song rituals  .

 

Other Tanzanian Tribes-

Makonde, Kwaya, Gweno, Hehe, Ha, Ikoma, Mande, Akiek, Kamba, Alagwa, Gorowa, Balouch, Bembe, Kisi, Kutu, Kwavi, Luo, Luguru, Bende, Magoa,  Dhaiso, Zaramo, Yao, Zulu, Zinza, Zyoba Ware, Timbuka, Wanda Zigula, Swahili, Tutsi Twa, Vinza Nyaturu, Nindi Ngoni, Kerewe, Ndonde,Kimbu and many more.


Karibu ! Welcome to Tanzania…..

 

ONLY IN TANZANIA! PART ONE: Why choose Tanzania as a travel destination?

Recently in a conversation with an eager traveler on the lookout for the best Safari, I was asked, why Tanzania?  A good Safari is just that, anywhere. I could not answer him. It was not a single line answer for a short conversation.  I thought about it for several days........What will you get 'Only in Tanzania'. What are the unique aspects of Tanzania?

Why travel to Tanzania?


Why choose to safari in Tanzania? Well, it is the beginning of creation?

Why ? I embarked on a journey to gather myriads of reasons. And there are much more. An eternal series.

There is so much unique to ‘just Tanzania’. We have birds, trees, fish, mammals and even butterflies that you will see only in Tanzania!

Let’s talk about Tanzania.

As I clearly spelt out in ‘Exploring the splendor of Tanzania’, my echo continues ………….

‘Journey into all dimensions delving into the mystics and wonders of the heart of ‘Motherland Africa’: Tanzania

On a general  fact and  figures note :
We have the mainland, previously known as  ‘Tanganyika’  just after Independence when it merged with Zanzibar and became known as Tanzania.
  • Tanzania, the mainland together with the island of Pemba and Zanzibar cover  945,200 sq.km.
  • The agricultural country Tanzania has 40 million hectares of arable land
  •  It is abundant in natural resources including minerals, flora, and fauna.
  • The Ngorongoro Crater (3,647 meters) is  the largest in the entire world and has the largest concentration of animal species
  • Lake Tanganyika is second deepest and  the longest and second deepest lake in the world
  • Kilimanjaro is the highest mountain in Africa
  •  Lake Victoria the second largest lake in the world.
  • There are also other lakes such as Lake Nyasa, Lake Rukwa, Lake Eyas and Lake Natron that pieces up the inland water to 60,000 sq.km
  • Tanzania has  coastal line of that is unbroken for approximately 800 kilometers. The ideal beach getaway.
  • Tanzania portions part of biodiversity spots:

  • the Coastal Forests of Eastern Africa(CEPF)
  • Eastern Afromontane (CEPF)
  • The Eastern Arc Forests (WWF)
  • aCoastal East Africa (FEOW)
  • World’s three richest lakes for endemic freshwater fish species

  • Lake Victoria (FEOW)
  • Lake Tanganyika(FEOW)
  • Lake Malawi (FEOW).
Lake Victoria

All you can find in Tanzania and nowhere else!

citizen report announced that 27  new endemic species of animals were discovered, exclusive to Tanzania. Not anywhere else in the world but in Tanzania’s the Eastern Arc Mountains.

The biological potential was an instant qualification to the UNESCO list of World Heritage Sites.

Scientists from the Italian Science Museum advocating range inclusion in the Unesco list spent an entire decade surveying the mountains in Tanzania. Twenty-seven  vertebrate species were found in the forests new to  science and fourteen other species discovered that were unknown before

UdzungwaMountains forests in the south-central of Tanzania,  researchers found a multitude species whose confined to the Eastern Arc mountain range,  A curious chameleon species was of three newly discovered reptiles belonging to genus Kinyongia. A Mahege Mountains discovery.

The geologically ancient mountains and forests persistence of forests for millions of years result in extraordinary living forms.

It is an important site existing in Africa for vertebrate forms. Some of these species are one hundred million years old and are evidence of forest stability and unique evolutionary history of the mountains.

Red Colobus Monkey

We have a list of mammal and tree species endemic to Tanzania, and probably much more will be discovered.

Explore Motherland Africa – Tanzania will continue posts in the  ‘ Only in Tanzania’  stream in a discovery of all the unique features in the heart of The Motherland -Tanzania!

Tanzania butterfly

 

 

 

 

Why Visit Mbeya in Tanzania?

Take a Step Back in Time………..

 Hike up Livingstone Mountain, and visit Mbozi meteorite stones.The 8th largest meteorites in the world dating back thousands of years ago
There are hot water springs and bat caves of a fort 200 years old.
In the south-west of Tanzania, there is a town called Mbeya. Travelling overland from the neighboring land of Zambia, this is the first urban settlement you will see.
Mbeya is a major transit and trade junction between Zambia, Malawi and Tanzania.

 

Mbeya is a town located in south-west Tanzania. The thriving town of Mbeya sprawls in the  Loleza Peak (2656m) shadow. It is located between the mountain range of Mbeya in the north and the Poroto mountains in the South East.

The scenic lush, mountainous area is a farming region for tea, coffee, walking and cocoa and bananas. The cool climate walking and botanical excursions and scenic viewing of the hills are an undiscovered ‘travel in Tanzania’ destination.

 
Mbeya is a magnificent landscape of Tanzania, a creation of relief forms from African Rift Valley volcanic eruptions, which lies towards the south-west of Dar-es-Salaam.
Mbeya offers a range of activities from safari's, fishing and hiking mountains

There is fresh,pure and clear water in river catchments near the Poroto and Tukutu mountains.
Natural flower gardens make great botanical excursions